John Lansing's Trending123
John Lansing's Trending123
Username: Password: Login
Trade Talk E-Letter Products & Services Trading Tools Portfolios Members Home

Stock Sectors

(Click sector to view stock chart)

Communication Equipment

Stock Charts
(Click stock symbol to view stock chart, Support, Resistance, Pivot, Option chain, Volume, P/E, High, Low, Close, Market Cap, Average Volume, Dividend, % Change, $ Change, R1, R2, S1, S2, Previous Close, RSI - MACD - Williams %R - Stochastics - PPO, CMF, ADX, Aroon and more.......)


Ceragon Networks, Ltd. engages in the development, manufacture, and marketing of broadband wireless network equipment for cellular operators, fixed operators, and private networks and enterprises, such as universities, financial institutions, corporate campuses, governments, and hospitals. Its product consists of a compact antenna, an outdoor unit, an indoor unit, and a simple network management protocol-based proprietary network management software. The company sells its products through distributors, resellers, third party integrators, and original equipment manufacturers in the United States, Europe, Asia, and other countries. Ceragon Networks was founded by Shraga Katz in 1996. It was formerly known as Giganet, Ltd. and changed its name to Ceragon Networks, Ltd. in 2000. The company is headquartered in Tel Aviv, Israel.


Ciena Corporation supplies communications networking equipment, software, and services to telecommunications service providers, cable operators, governments, and enterprises. It operates through four segments: Transport and Switching Group (TSG), Data Networking Group (DNG), Broadband Access Group (BBG), and Global Network Services (GNS). The TSG segment offers transport and switching products that enable service providers to increase the efficiency of their metropolitan communications networks, as well as to transition and converge their metropolitan communications infrastructures to support multiple service traffic types. The DNG segment provides multiservice edge switching and routing portfolio that enables telecommunications service providers to transition their metropolitan communications networks from legacy technologies, such as ATM and Frame Relay, to next-generation technologies, such as Ethernet and IP/MPLS. The BBG segment offers broadband access products that allow telecommunications service providers to transition their voice networks to support next generation services, such as Internet based telephony, video services, and DSL. The GNS segment offers a range of consulting and support services, including network design, deployment services, product installation, testing and commissioning access, and data and optical networks; maintenance and support services for its channel partners and end users; managed services for helpdesk and technical assistance, spares, logistics management, software updates, engineering dispatch, advanced technical support, and hardware and software warranty extensions; and service partner certification and documentation services. The company sells its communications networking equipment, software, and services through its direct sales efforts, as well as through channel relationships in the North America, Europe, Latin America, and Asia. Ciena Corporation was incorporated in 1992 and is headquartered in Linthicum, Maryland.


Nokia Corporation manufactures mobile devices principally based on global system for mobile communications, code division multiple access (CDMA), and wideband CDMA (WCDMA) technologies. The company operates in three divisions: Multimedia, Enterprise Solutions, and Networks. The Multimedia division focuses on bringing connected mobile multimedia to consumers in the form of advanced mobile devices, including 3G WCDMA mobile devices and solutions. The Enterprise Solutions division enables businesses and institutions extend their use of mobility from mobile devices for voice and basic data to secure mobile access, content, and applications. Its solutions include business-optimized mobile devices for end users, a portfolio of Internet portfolio network perimeter security gateways, and mobile connectivity offerings. The Networks division provides network infrastructure, communications, and networks service platforms and professional services to operators and service providers. Nokia connects people to each other and the information that matters to them with mobile devices and solutions for voice, data, imaging, games, multimedia, and business applications. The company also provides equipment, solutions, and services for its operator and enterprise customers. It sells its mobile devices primarily to operators, distributors, independent retailers, and enterprise customers worldwide. Nokia Corp. has a strategic tie-up with Financial Technologies (India), Ltd. relating to integrated realtime wireless internet information and trading platform for Nokia phones running Series 60 and 80; and with Neusoft Group Co., Ltd. focusing on network security. The company was founded in 1915 and is based in Espoo, Finland.


Digital Recorders, Inc. engages in the design, manufacture, sale, and service of information technology and audio surveillance technology products. The company operates through two segments, Transportation Communications and Law Enforcement and Surveillance. Transportation Communications segment's products include computer aided dispatch global positioning satellite tracking systems, automatic vehicle location systems, automatic vehicle monitoring systems, automatic voice announcement systems, and vandal-resistant, hands-free microphone. These products are sold under the brands DR-Talking Bus, TwinVision, and Mobitec, which are sold to transportation vehicle equipment customers worldwide. Law Enforcement and Surveillance segment's products comprise a line of digital audio filter systems and digital audio recorders sold under the brands SSABR, QuickEnhance, and MicroDAC. These products are primarily offered to U.S. federal, state, and local law enforcement agencies and organizations. The company sells its products primarily through its sales force and commissioned independent sales representatives in North and South America, Far East, the Middle East, Asia, Australia, and Europe. Digital Recorders, Inc. was incorporated in 1983 and is based in Dallas, Texas.


Comtech Telecommunications Corp. engages in the design, development, production, and marketing of products, systems, and services for communications solutions. The company operates through three segments: Telecommunications Transmission, Mobile Data Communications, and RF Microwave Amplifiers. The Telecommunications Transmission segment provides equipment and systems for satellite, over-the-horizon microwave, and wireless line-of-sight telecommunications systems, which are used in various commercial and defense applications, including the transmission of voice, video, and data over the Internet; long distance telephone; broadcast; cable; and highly secure defense applications. The Mobile Data Communications segment offers satellite-based mobile tracking and messaging services, and mobile satellite transceivers primarily for defense applications, including logistics, support, and battlefield command and control, as well as provides turnkey employee mobility solutions to commercial enterprises. The RF Microwave Amplifiers segment designs, develops, manufactures, and markets broadband amplifiers in the microwave and radio frequency spectrums for defense, medical and health, satellite communications, and instrumentation and testing. The company markets its products through its marketing and engineering personnel, independent representatives, and value-added resellers. Comtech was founded in 1967 and is based in Melville, New York.


Harmonic, Inc. engages in the design, manufacture, and sale of digital video systems and fiber optic systems to cable television and direct broadcast satellite operators and telephone companies worldwide. The company operates in two groups, Convergent Systems and Broadband Access Networks. The Convergent Systems group offers encoders, which provide compression of video, audio, and data channels; server gateway, which interfaces with the output from a video server and integrates routing, multiplexing, and modulation into a single package for the delivery of VOD services to subscribers over cable networks; MPEG-2 networking, switching, and multiplexing platform; and broadcast network gateway, which provides digital turnaround and remote modulation capability. It also offers digital turnaround system, a modular platform for aggregating, multiplexing, and scrambling digital signals prior to transmission over broadband networks, and control and automation products. The Broadband Access Networks group offers MAXLink transmitters and optical amplifiers, PWRLink transmitters and dense wave division multiplexing, and coarse wave division multiplexing systems for optical transmission requirements. It also offers optical nodes, and return path transmitters and receivers to provide two-way transmission capability, and NETWatch management system, which consists of transponders and network management software. Its systems enable network operators to provide various interactive digital services that include digital video, video-on-demand, high definition television, high-speed Internet access, and telephony. Harmonic was incorporated in 1988 and is headquartered in Sunnyvale, California.


Sierra Wireless, Inc. provides wireless solutions worldwide. It develops and markets a range of products that include wireless modems for portable computers, embedded modules for original equipment manufacturers (OEMs), rugged vehicle-mounted connectivity solutions, and mobile phones. The company's products permit users to access wireless data and voice networks using notebook computers, personal digital assistants, vehicle-based systems, and mobile phones. Sierra Wireless offers its products and solutions primarily to businesses and government organizations to enable their employees to access a range of wireless data applications, including the Internet, email, messaging, corporate Intranet access, remote database inquiry, and computer-aided dispatch. It sells its products through indirect channels, including wireless operators, resellers, and OEMs in the North American, European, and Asia-Pacific regions. The company was founded in 1993 and is headquartered in Richmond, Canada.


EMS Technologies, Inc. (EMST) engages in the design, manufacture, and marketing of hardware products for commercial space, defense, and wireless communications. It operates in five segments: Defense and Space Systems (DSS), LXE, EMS Wireless (EMSW), SATCOM, and SatNet. DSS segment offers microwave products for space and defense applications. It offers ferrite circulators, isolators, phase shifters, switches and switching networks, and transmit-receive networks; electronic and radar illuminator subsystems; signal-management and processing hardware; and terrestrial and aeronautical antenna systems. LXE segment produces mobile computers and wireless local area network products for logistics and enterprise applications. It also provides terminal emulation software and communications gateways; barcode scanners, battery chargers, portable printers, and repair and maintenance services; and wireless network equipment. In addition, LXE offers wireless network management tools, wireless security tools, facility analysis, installation, and support. EMSW segment provides base-station antennas and repeaters for personal communications systems, in-building products, and conventional antennas. SATCOM segment offers earth-based and aeronautical antennas, terminals, and other hardware for communications via satellite link. It also provides a high-speed data product and variants to provide both voice and data connections; land portable satellite data terminal products, which allow access to corporate networks and the Internet; a packet-data terminal to provide two-way data communications for messaging, tracking, and monitoring in the transportation, public safety, and remote industrial controls markets; and a maritime terminal for digital communications at sea. The SatNet segment offers ground segment equipment, which include DVB-RCS terminals and DVB-RCS hubs for the satellite broadband communications market. EMST was founded in 1968 and is headquartered in Atlanta, Georgia.


NETGEAR, Inc. engages in the design, development, and marketing of networking products for small business and home users worldwide. It offers ethernet networking products, broadband products, and wireless networking products. The company's ethernet networking products include switches, network interface cards, adapters, bridges, and peripheral servers. Its broadband products include routers, gateways, or routers with an integrated modem for Internet access; IP telephony products; and a wireless gateway. The company's wireless networking products include access points, wireless network interface cards and adapters, and media adapters and bridges. NETGEAR sells its products primarily through a sales channel network, which includes traditional retailers, online retailers, direct market resellers, value added resellers, and broadband service providers in North America, Middle East and Africa, and Asia Pacific. The company was incorporated in 1996 and is headquartered in Santa Clara, California.


Andrew Corporation, together with its subsidiaries, engages in the design, manufacture, and supply of communications equipment, services, and systems for global communications infrastructure market. It operates in five segments: Antenna and Cable Products, Base Station Subsystems, Network Solutions, Wireless Innovations, and Satellite Communications. The Antenna and Cable Products segment offers coaxial cables, connectors, cable assemblies, and accessories, as well as base station antennas and terrestrial microwave antennas; the Base Station Subsystems segment products are integral components of wireless base stations and include products, such as power amplifiers, filters, duplexers, and combiners that are sold individually or as parts of integrated subsystems; and the Network Solutions segment includes software and equipment to locate wireless callers, as well as equipment and services for testing and optimizing wireless networks. The Wireless Innovations segment products provide the coverage of wireless networks in areas where signals are difficult to send or receive, and include both complete systems and individual components; and the Satellite Communications segment products include earth station antennas, high frequency and radar antennas, direct-to-home antennas, and terminal antennas. The company's products are used in the infrastructure for wireless networks; third generation technologies; voice, data, video, and Internet services; applications for microwave and satellite communications; and other specialized applications. It serves original equipment manufacturers and wireless service providers. The company was founded by Victor J. Andrew in 1937 and is headquartered in Orland Park, Illinois.


Cbeyond, Inc., through its subsidiaries, provides managed voice over Internet protocol-based communications services to small and medium-sized businesses in the United States. The company's services include local and long distance voice services, broadband Internet access, mobile voice and data, email, voicemail, Web hosting, secure backup and file sharing, fax-to-email, virtual private network, and other communications and IT services. It also offers mobile voice and data services in conjunction with its landline-based services via its mobile virtual network operator. The company offers these services primarily through its direct sales force, as well as through channel partners. It has operations in Atlanta, San Diego, Dallas, Denver, Houston, Chicago, and Los Angeles. The company was founded in 2000. It was formerly known as Egility Communications, Inc. and subsequently changed its name to Cbeyond Communications, Inc. Further, the company changed its name to Cbeyond, Inc. in 2006. Cbeyond is headquartered in Atlanta, Georgia.


Harris Corporation, through its subsidiaries, provides communications products, systems, and services to government and commercial customers. The company operates in four segments: Government Communications Systems, RF Communications, Microwave Communications, and Broadcast Communications. The Government Communications Systems segment designs, develops, and supports communications networks and communications equipment; and designs and supports information systems for image and other data collection, processing, interpretation, storage, and retrieval; as well as offers engineering, operations, and support services. This segment serves the U.S. government departments, and other aerospace and defense companies. The RF Communications segment supplies secure voice and data radio communications products, systems, and networks to the U.S. Department of Defense, Federal and state agencies, and government defense agencies. This segment supplies secure radio products and systems for manpack, handheld, vehicular, strategic fixed-site, and shipboard applications. The Microwave Communications segment designs, manufactures, and sells microwave radios for use in wireless communications networks. Its products are used for cellular and mobile infrastructure connectivity; secure data networks; public safety transport for state, local, and Federal government users; and right-of-way connectivity for utilities, pipelines, railroads, and industrial companies. The Broadcast Communications segment develops, manufactures, and supplies digital and analog television transmission equipment for over-the-air broadcasters, and for the emerging mobile television market. The company was founded in 1916 and is headquartered in Melbourne, Florida.


Loral Space & Communications, Inc., together with its subsidiaries, operates as a satellite communications company. It operates in two segments, Satellite Manufacturing and Satellite Services. The Satellite Manufacturing segment designs and manufactures satellites, space systems, and space system components for commercial and government customers. These products are used in various applications, including fixed satellite services, direct-to-home broadcasting, mobile satellite services, broadband data distribution, wireless telephony, digital radio, digital mobile broadcasting, military communications, weather monitoring, and air traffic management. This segment also offers spot-beam satellites for data networking applications. The Satellite Services segment owns and operates a fleet of telecommunications satellites. It leases transponder capacity to commercial and governmental customers for video distribution and broadcasting, high-speed data distribution, Internet access, and communications, as well as provides managed network services to customers using a hybrid satellite and ground-based system. This segment also offers professional services, including spacecraft operational services, satellite construction oversight services, network architecture design, regulatory management, and fleet operating services to other satellite operators. In addition, the company offers X-band services to the U.S. Department of State, the Spanish Ministry of Defense, and the Danish armed forces. Loral operates primarily in the United States, Asia, Europe, and Mexico. The company was incorporated in 1996 and is based in New York, New York.


Scopus Video Networks, Ltd. engages in the development, marketing, and support of digital video networking products. Its products are installed in a network operator equipment facility or broadcast center to support digital television, high-definition television, and live event coverage, as well as distribution of video content between network operator facilities. The company offers video gateways, encoders, decoders, and network management products. Its customers include satellite, cable and telecom service providers, and terrestrial broadcasters. The company markets its products through a combination of third-party distribution, direct sales, and partnerships with original equipment manufacturers primarily in North America, South America, Asia, the Pacific Rim, Europe, the Middle East, and Africa. The company was incorporated as Telcatel Teletec Advanced Telecommunications, Ltd. in 1993 and changed its name to Scopus Imaging, Ltd. in 1994. Further, it changed its name to Scopus D.V.C., Ltd. in 1995; to Tadiran Scopus, Ltd. in 1996; to Scopus Network Technologies, Ltd. in 2001; and to Scopus Video Networks, Ltd. in 2005. Scopus Video is based in Rosh Ha'ayin, Israel.


RF Monolithics, Inc. engages in the design, development, manufacture, and marketing of wireless solutions. The company provides radio frequency components, including low-power components and communications products. The low-power components include resonators and coupled-resonator filters; and short-range radio and radio frequency integrated circuit products, such as transmitter, receiver, and transceiver modules. The communications products include filters, frequency clock modules, oscillators, and optical timing products. In addition, it produces wireless system module products that comprise standard and custom modules that blend a radio with a microprocessor and link protocol. RF Monolithics' products are based on surface acoustic wave technology. The company offers its products to distributors, electronic manufacturing service companies, and original equipment manufacturers in the automotive, consumer, industrial, medical, and telecommunications markets worldwide. RF Monolithics was founded in 1979 and is headquartered in Dallas, Texas.


CommScope, Inc. engages in the design, manufacture, and marketing of cable and connectivity solutions for communications networks worldwide. The company provides structured cabling systems for business enterprise applications under the SYSTIMAX Solutions and Uniprise Solutions brand names. A structured cabling system consists of various components, including transmission media (cable), circuit administration hardware, connectors, jacks, plugs, adapters, transmission electronics, electrical protection devices, wireless access devices, and support hardware. It manufacture and markets broadband coaxial cables, and other electronic and fiber optic cable products for cable television, telephony, Internet access, wireless communications, and other broadband services. In addition, CommScope also manufacture other broadband coaxial cables, fiber optic cables, and twisted pair cables that are used for various wireless applications, including Third Generation Wireless, Personal Communications Systems, Global System for Mobile Communications, Universal Mobile Telecommunications Systems, Cellular, Multichannel Multipoint Distribution Service, Local Multipoint Distribution System, land mobile radio, paging, automotive, and in-building wireless applications. The company distributes its products directly and through distributors to end users and original equipment manufacturers. CommScope was incorporated in 1997 and is headquartered in Hickory, North Carolina.


XETA Technologies, Inc. provides communications solutions for voice and data applications, such as voice over Internet protocol (IP), wireless, contact centers, and messaging. It provides these solutions to multilocation mid-size and large companies throughout the United States. The company sells a range of communications systems and applications for the general commercial market, including government agencies. These products include IP systems that converge voice and data over a single network, wireless systems, traditional communications systems, call center systems, and messaging systems. The company sells communications systems to the hospitality industry through nationwide dealer agreements with Avaya, Inc.; Nortel Networks; and Hitachi. In addition, XETA Technologies markets a line of proprietary call accounting systems. Further, it provides customer service, project management, professional services, installation, and consulting to its customers. XETA Technologies was formed in 1981 and is headquartered in Broken Arrow, Oklahoma.


Zhone Technologies, Inc. and its subsidiaries engage in the design, development, and marketing of communications network equipment for telephone companies and cable operators worldwide. The company offers its products in three categories, including single line multiservice architecture, which includes network and subscriber management, broadband aggregation and service, and customer premise equipment; wavelength division multiplexer and dense wavelength division multiplexer that transport nonlinear, interactive, and content-based services, including gigabit ethernet transport, video distribution, storage area networks, and edge aggregation; and legacy products, which support various of voice and data services. It sells its products and services to network service providers offering voice, data, and video services to businesses, governments, utilities, and consumers, including regional, national, and international telecommunications carriers, as well as cable service providers. The company is headquartered in Oakland, California.


Channell Commercial Corporation engages in the design and manufacture of telecommunications equipment to the broadband and telephone network providers worldwide. Its product offerings include thermoplastic and metal fabricated enclosures, advanced copper termination and connectorization products, fiber optic cable management systems, and heat shrink products. The company manufactures precision-molded, engineered, and application-specific thermoplastic and metal fabricated enclosures for the communications industry. It also offers various complementary products, including thermoplastic and composite grade level boxes for subsurface network applications. Channell Commercial also offers telephone connectivity devices, which provides tool-less termination systems for copper wires. The company's fiber optic cable management products include fiber optic splice cases that are used for organizing, managing, and protecting the connection points between separate lengths of fiber optic cable in the outside plant network. Its enclosure products protect and provide access to advanced telecommunications hardware, including both radio frequency electronics and photonics, and transmission media, including coaxial cable, copper wire, and optical fibers, used in the delivery of voice, video, and data services. The company offers its products to the original equipment manufacturers as components to their telecommunication systems. Channell Commercial also offers polyethylene water tanks for the storage of potable and nonpotable water rural and residential markets in Australia. Its primary product line of rotational molded tanks is used in the agricultural sector where water shortages require storage of rain and ground water. It sells its water storage products directly to end users, as well as to retailers, wholesalers, distributors, and agents. Channell Commercial was founded in 1922 and is headquartered in Temecula, California.


ADC Telecommunications, Inc. provides communications network infrastructure solutions and services in the United States. Its products and services provide connections for communications networks over copper, fiber, coaxial, and wireless media and enable the use of Internet, data, video, and voice services by residences, businesses, and mobile communications subscribers. The company's products include fiber optic, copper and coaxial -based frames, cabinets, cables, connectors, cards, and other physical components that enable the delivery of communications for wireline, wireless, cable, and broadcast networks by service providers and enterprises. ADC Telecommunications' products also include network access devices, such as high-bit-rate digital subscriber line and wireless coverage solutions. The company also provides professional services relating to the design, equipping, and building of networks. It sells its products primarily through indirect sales channels, including system integrators and value added resellers. The company's customers include local and long-distance telephone companies, private enterprises that operate their own networks, cable television operators, wireless service providers, new competitive service providers, broadcasters, governments, system integrators, and communications equipment manufacturers and distributors. ADC Telecommunications was founded in 1935. It was formerly known as Magnetic Controls Company and changed its name to ADC Telecommunications, Inc. in 1985. ADC Telecommunications is headquartered in Eden Prairie, Minnesota.


DirecTV Group, Inc. provides digital television entertainment in the United States and Latin America. It operates through three segments: DIRECTV U.S., DIRECTV Latin America, and Network Systems. The DIRECTV U.S. segment provides direct-to-home digital television services and multichannel video programming distribution via satellite to residential and commercial customers in the United States. It also offers professional and collegiate sports programming. As of December 31, 2004, DIRECTV U.S. segment had approximately 13.9 million subscribers. The DIRECTV Latin America segment provides direct-to-home digital television services via satellite to residential and commercial customers throughout Latin America. As of the above date, it had approximately 1.6 million subscribers. The Network Systems segment provides satellite-based private business networks, or VSAT, and consumer broadband Internet access. The company was formerly known as Hughes Electronics Corporation and changed its name to The DIRECTV Group, Inc. in March 2004. DirecTV Group was incorporated in Delaware in 1977 and is based in El Segundo, California.


TNS, Inc. provides business-critical data communications services to processors of credit card, debit card, and ATM transactions worldwide. The company also provides secure data and voice network services to the global financial services industry. It operates through four divisions: Point-Of-Sale/Point-Of-Service (POS) Services, International Services, Telecommunication Services, and Financial Services. The POS Services division enables the communication of transaction data between payment processors, and POS or ATM terminals. The International Services division offers data communications services to the POS industry in the United Kingdom. It provides data communications services to payment processors, which enable merchants to store transaction data and retrieve the data after business hours. The Telecommunication Services division provides call signaling services, which enable telecommunications carriers to establish and terminate telephone calls placed by their subscribers. It also offers database access services that enable its customers to provide intelligent network services, such as line information database, caller identification, toll-free number services, and local number portability; and fraud control services for calling card, credit card, third-party billing, and collect calls. The Financial Services division provides private data networking services, which enable communications and facilitate electronic trading among commercial banks, mutual funds, pension funds, broker-dealers, alternative trading systems, electronic communications networks, securities and commodities exchanges, and other market participants. TNS was founded by John J. McDonnell in 1990. The company was formerly known as TNS Holdings, Inc. and changed its name to TNS, Inc. in 2003. TNS is based in Reston, Virginia.


Wegener Corporation, through its wholly owned subsidiary, Wegener Communications, Inc., engages in the design, manufacture, and distribution of satellite communications electronics equipment in the United States and internationally. It provides digital solutions for video, audio, and Internet Protocol (IP) data networks. The company's products include iPump Media Servers; MediaPlan Content Management and Ingest; Compel Network Control System; UNITY Satellite Receivers; DTV Digital Stream Processors; analog audio products; and third-party uplink products, such as encoders. Its products applications include IP data delivery, broadcast television, cable television, radio networks, business television, distance education, business music, and financial information distribution. The company serves the business and private networks, cable and broadcast television, and broadcast radio markets. It sells its products primarily through sales representatives, and independent distributors and integrators. Wegener was formed in 1977 and is based in Duluth, Georgia.


ViaSat, Inc. engages in the design, production, and marketing of advanced broadband digital satellite communications, and other wireless networking and signal processing equipment in North America and internationally. The company operates in Government and Commercial segments. The Government segment includes tactical data links, tactical networking and information assurance (TNIA), and mobile satellite communication systems (MSCS). Tactical data links product line consists of multifunction information distribution system, which enables data networking among ground and airborne military users providing an electronic picture of the battlefield to each user in the network. TNIA products include information security and ViaSat Data Controller products that enable military and government communicators to secure information. MSCS primarily consist of stand-alone and embedded satellite modems, terminals, and test and training equipment. The Commercial segment provides consumer broadband, mobile broadband, and enterprise very small aperture terminal (VSAT) products. Its consumer broadband products include the development of data over cable service interface specification-based and digital video broadcast-return channel satellite broadband systems; mobile broadband products include airborne, maritime, and ground mobile terminals and systems; and enterprise VSAT satellite communication products and services comprises a range of terminals, hubs, and networks control systems. In addition, this segment provides antenna systems and designs monolithic microwave integrated circuits, packaged components, and modules. The company sells its products through its direct sales force, as well as through strategic relationships primarily to Department of Defense, other U.S. government agencies and departments, satellite network integrators, and large communications service providers. ViaSat was incorporated in 1986 and is headquartered in Carlsbad, California.


Communications Systems, Inc. engages in the manufacture and sale of modular connecting and wiring devices for voice and data communications. It also provides voice and data connectors and related ancillary products that include British standard line jacks, patch panels, data modules, wiring harness assemblies, metal boxes, distribution cabinets, and distribution and central office frames. The company offers data transmission, computer network, and media conversion products, as well as print servers for telecommunications networks. In addition, the company provides networking products for wired and wireless markets that include media converters, Ethernet switches, and wireless access points and bridges. The company offers telecommunications network design, specification, and training services to educational institutions. Additionally, it offers display solutions and accessories for customers in the medical imaging market. The company sells its products through distributors, resellers, integrators, and original equipment manufacturers. Communications Systems was organized in 1969 and is headquartered in Hector, Minnesota.


Corning Incorporated provides technology-based products and services in the United States. It operates in four segments: Display Technologies, Telecommunications, Environmental Technologies, and Life Sciences. Display Technologies segment manufactures glass substrates for matrix liquid crystal displays (LCDs), which are used in computer monitors and LCD televisions. Telecommunications segment produces optical fiber and cable, and hardware and equipment products for the telecommunications industry. Its optical fiber technology products are used for various applications, including premises, fiber-to-the-premises access, metropolitan, long-haul, and submarine networks. Its hardware and equipment products include cable assemblies, fiber optic hardware, fiber optic connectors, optical components and couplers, closures and pedestals, and splice and test equipment. Environmental Technologies segment offers ceramic technologies and solutions for emissions and pollution control in mobile and stationary applications, including gasoline and diesel substrate, and filter products. Life Sciences segment offers laboratory products, which include microplate products, coated slides, filter plates for genomics sample preparation, plastic cell culture dishes, flasks, cryogenic vials, roller bottles, mass cell culture products, liquid handling instruments, glass beakers, pipettors, serological pipettes, centrifuge tubes, and laboratory filtration products. In addition, the company offers semiconductor optics; ophthalmic glass and plastic products; and technical products, such as polarizing glass, glass for high temperature applications, and machinable glass ceramic products. Corning was founded in 1936. It was was formerly known as Corning Glass Works and changed its name to Corning Incorporated in 1989. The company is headquartered in Corning, New York.


Gilat Satellite Networks, Ltd., together with its subsidiaries, provides Internet Protocol (IP)-based digital satellite communication and networking products and services worldwide. It designs, produces, and markets very small aperture terminals (VSAT), and related VSAT network equipment. The company provides VSAT-based networks and associated professional services, including turnkey and management services to telecom operators. It also provides industry specific solutions for cellular backhaul, governments, business continuity, and disaster recovery. In addition, the company provides satellite and hybrid terrestrial network services to enterprises, governments, small office/home office, and residential customers. Further, Gilat Satellite Networks engages in the provision of telephony, Internet, and data services primarily for rural communities. Gilat Satellite Networks was founded in 1987 and is headquartered in Petah Tikva, Israel.


LM Ericsson Telephone Company and its subsidiaries provide communications networks, related services, and handset technology platforms for mobile and fixed network operators worldwide. It operates through three segments, Mobile Networks, Fixed Networks, and Professional Services. The Mobile Networks segment provides mobile systems solutions to network operators, including radio base stations, base station and radio network controllers, mobile switching centers, and application nodes. It offers mobile telecommunications systems that incorporate 2G (GSM, TDMA, and CDMA), 2.5G (GPR S), and 3G (EDGE, WCDMA, HSPA, CDMA 2000, and TDSCDMA) mobile technology standards. The Fixed Networks segment supplies broadband communications equipment and services to fixed network operators in Latin America and Europe. The fixed network operators are moving from single-service networks toward broadband packet-switched multi-service networks that handle multiple services, such as voice, data, and images. The Professional Services segment provides consulting, education, systems integration, and managed services, as well as customer support services to the telecommunication industry. Further, the company, through its joint venture with Sony Ericsson Mobile Communications AB, offers mobile phones, accessories, and PCcards. It operates in the United States, Canada, Europe, the Asia Pacific, Latin America, Africa, and the Middle East. The company was founded in 1876 and is headquartered in Kista, Sweden.


Superconductor Technologies, Inc. engages in the research, development, manufacture, and marketing of superconducting products for wireless voice and data applications. The company offers SuperLink Rx that combines filters using HTS technology with a proprietary cryogenic cooler and a cryogenically cooled low-noise amplifiers; AmpLink Rx, a receiver front-end product, which is designed specifically to address the sensitivity requirements of wireless base stations; and SuperPlex, a line of multiplexers that are designed to eliminate the need for additional base station antennas and reduce infrastructure costs. Superconductor Technologies was incorporated in 1987 and is headquartered in Santa Barbara, California.


QUALCOMM Incorporated engages in the design, development, manufacture, and marketing of digital wireless telecommunications products and services based on its Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) technology. It develops and supplies CDMA-based integrated circuits and system software for wireless voice and data communications, multimedia functions, and global positioning system products to wireless device and infrastructure manufacturers. The company grants licenses to use portions of its intellectual property portfolio, which includes patent rights essential to or used in the manufacture and sale of CDMA products. It provides satellite and terrestrial-based two-way data messaging and position reporting services for transportation companies, private fleets, construction equipment fleets, and other enterprise companies. The company provides the Binary Runtime Environment for Wireless product and services to wireless network operators, handset manufacturers, and application developers and support for developing and delivering over-the-air wireless applications and services. It also makes strategic investments to provide worldwide adoption of CDMA products and services for wireless voice and Internet data communications. The company markets its products through direct sales force, partnerships, and distributors in the United States, Europe, the Middle East, Argentina, Brazil, Canada, China, Japan, South Korea, and Mexico. QUALCOMM was incorporated in 1985 and is based in San Diego, California.


Applied Signal Technology, Inc. engages in the design, development, manufacture, and marketing of advanced digital signal processing equipment to collect and process a range of telecommunications signals for signal reconnaissance applications. The company offers a range of signal intelligence (SIGINT) products, including voice grade channel processors that are designed to process voice grade channels (VGC), which carry audio and other signals; wideband processors that clean' telecommunication signals for further processing by VGC processors by adjusting for signal distortions that commonly occur during transmission; signal collection products, which include a small receiver that collects complex signaling formats, and a receiver that optimizes multiple antenna inputs to overcome co-channel interference and certain forms of multipath interference; and software solutions that are based upon the use of commercial off-the-shelf hardware processors. The company also provides engineering services for its operational SIGINT systems. Its primary customer is the United States Government, which consists of military and intelligence agencies that have signal reconnaissance needs. Applied Signal Technology was incorporated in 1984 and is headquartered in Sunnyvale, California.


PacificNet, Inc., through its subsidiaries, provides outsourcing services, value-added telecom services, and communication products distribution services in China. The company offers business process outsourcing services, such as sales inquiry hotline, telephone orders, technical helpdesk, and customer services; contact center management consulting and training services; telemarketing services; and call center management software products and solutions, as well as provides software development, research and development, and project management services to telecom, banking, and financial service companies. It offers value-added telecom services (VAS) that comprise interactive voice response systems, call center management systems, and voice over Internet protocol, as well as mobile phone VAS that include short messaging services and multimedia messaging services. In addition, PacificNet distributes and resells telecommunication, networking, and computer equipment, such as calling cards, GSM/CDMA/XiaoLingTong products, and multimedia self-service kiosks. The company's clients primarily include telecom operators, banks, insurance, travel, marketing, and services companies, and telecom consumers in Greater China. PacificNet is headquartered in Hong Kong.


Vyyo, Inc. supplies wireless broadband end-to-end solutions used by telecommunications providers to deliver wireless telephony and data connections to business and residential subscribers in North America and southeast Asia. Its systems are deployed in point-to-multipoint applications at the radio frequencies designated for two-way broadband communication, comprising wireless hub to transmit and receive network traffic to and from multiple subscriber modems. The company's wireless hub manages data communications between wireless modems located at subscribers' locations and network devices located at a central office or base station. Its network management system enables network operators to configure, maintain, and troubleshoot hubs and modems from a central workstation. The company offers various kinds of wireless modems that are designed for residential, home office, or small office deployment. It sells its products to service providers and system integrators. The company was incorporated in 1996 and is headquartered in Palo Alto, California.


8x8, Inc. engages in the development, marketing, and sale of telecommunication services and technology for Internet protocol (IP) telephony and video applications. It offers voice over IP (VoIP) and video communications service (Packet8 VoIP), Packet8 virtual office service, and videophone equipment and services. Packet8 VoIP is an Internet-based communication service that works over Internet connection in the world, and allows calls to or from phones. It also uses Web-based technologies to enable account setup, account management, billing, and customer support. As part of the Packet8 VoIP service, the company resells private-branded telephone IP terminal adapters and IP videophones. Packet8 virtual office enables users to be part of a virtual PBX that includes automated attendants to assist callers, conference bridges, extension-to-extension dialing, ring groups, and a host of other business class PBX features. 8x8's wholesale voice and video services include a suite of VoIP platforms with a session initiation protocol switching infrastructure at its core together with voice, video, and wireless endpoint devices to form an end-to-end solution. In addition, the company offers a line of telephone handset-to-Ethernet adapter, an IP videophone, and the Packet8-enabled 5.8GHz digital corded/cordless phone. 8x8 sells its Packet8 and Packet8 Virtual Office services to end users through direct sales force, Web site, retail channels, online channels, network marketing firms, and third-party resellers; and the wholesale voice and video service offering to Internet service providers, cable television companies, and digital subscriber line providers worldwide. The company was founded in 1987 as Integrated Information Technology and subsequently changed its name to 8x8, Inc. Further, it changed its name to Netergy Networks, Inc. in 2000 and back to 8x8, Inc. in 2001. 8x8 is headquartered in Santa Clara, California.


Merrimac Industries, Inc. engages in the design, manufacture, and sale of electronic components and microwave micro-circuitry worldwide. Its electronic components include power dividers/combiners, directional couplers, phase shifters, hybrid junctions, balanced mixers, variable attenuators, beamformers, quadrature couplers, single side band modulators, image reject mixers, and vector modulators. The company produces precision microwave circuitry with frequencies ranging from 500 megahertz to 100 gigahertz. Merrimac Industries also offers aluminum, copper, and brass backed circuits, as well as processes thin film circuits on hard substrates, such as ceramic, ferrite, and glass. Its products are used in various applications, including satellite, aerospace, defense, fiber optic telecommunications, automotive, navigational, and personal communications systems. The company, formerly known as Merrimac Research and Development, was incorporated in 1954. Merrimac Industries is based in West Caldwell, New Jersey.


Powerwave Technologies, Inc. supplies wireless solutions for wireless communications networks worldwide. The company operates in two segments, Wireless Communications and Contract Manufacturing. The Wireless Communications segment sells wireless communications network products and coverage solutions, including antennas, boosters, combiners, filters, radio frequency power amplifiers, repeaters, tower-mounted amplifiers, and advanced coverage solutions for use in cellular, PCS, and 3G wireless communications networks. The Contract Manufacturing segment manufactures and sells advanced industrial components, primarily for the automotive and food industries, under contract manufacturing. The company sells its products to wireless original equipment manufacturers and operators of wireless networks. It operates primarily in North America, Asia, Europe, and other international countries. Powerwave Technologies was incorporated in 1985 under the name Milcom International, Inc. and changed its name to Powerwave Technologies, Inc. in 1996. The company is headquartered in Santa Ana, California.


JDS Uniphase Corporation provides communications test and measurement solutions, and optical products for telecommunications service providers, cable operators, and network equipment manufacturers. The company operates in three segments: Optical Communications, Commercial and Consumer, and Communications Test and Measurement. The Optical Communications segment provides components, modules, and subsystems, including transmitters, receivers, amplifiers, multiplexers and demultiplexers, add/drop modules, switches, optical performance monitors and couplers, and splitters and circulators for use communications equipment providers for telecommunications and data communications. The Commercial and Consumer segment provides lasers, coated optics, and assemblies for defense, aerospace, instrumentation, biomedical, and other applications. This segment also provides document authentication, brand protection, and product differentiation solutions for a range of public and private sector markets. Its products applications include computer monitors and flat panel displays, projection systems, photocopiers, facsimile machines, scanners, security products, and decorative surface treatments. The Communications Test and Measurement segment provides a portfolio of equipment, systems, and services used to enable the design, deployment, and maintenance of communication equipment and networks. This segment offers test tools and platforms for optical transport networks, digital subscriber line services, data networks, cable networks, digital video broadcast, and fiber characterization services. JDS Uniphase markets its products primarily to original equipment manufacturers, distributors, and strategic partners in North America, Europe, and Asia Pacific. The company has a strategic alliance with SICPA for its light interference pigments, which are used to provide security features in currency. JDS Uniphase was incorporated in 1979 and is headquartered in San Jose, California.


Sonus Networks, Inc. supplies packet voice infrastructure solutions for wireline and wireless service providers. The company's products include switching equipment and software that enable voice services to be delivered over packet-based networks. It offers a suite of voice infrastructure solutions that include the GSX9000 open services switch, which enables voice traffic to be transported over packet networks; and the Insignus Softswitch, which offers network intelligence in next-generation networks, including call control, signaling, core network routing, and a management foundation. The company also provides the Sonus Insight Management System, which includes the Element Management System, the DataStream Integrator, the Subscriber Management System, the Network Traffic Manager, and the Sonus Insight Developer's Kit, that together offer configuration, provisioning, security, alarm reporting, performance data, and billing mediation capabilities. It serves various communications service providers, including long distance carriers, local exchange carriers, Internet service providers, wireless operators, cable operators, international telephone companies, and carriers that provide services to other carriers. Sonus Networks was founded in 1997 and is headquartered in Chelmsford, Massachusetts.


Westell Technologies, Inc., a holding company, engages primarily in the design, manufacture, and distribution of telecommunications equipment. It produces customer networking equipment (CNE) and network service access (NSA) product lines. The CNE product line includes broadband and digital subscriber line technology products that enable the transport of data over the local loop. These products enable telecommunications companies to provide broadband services over existing copper infrastructure. The company's broadband products also enable residential, small business, and small office home office users to network multiple computers, telephones, and other devices to access the Internet. The NSA product line consists of manageable and nonmanageable T1 transmission equipment, associated mountings, and special service plugs for the legacy copper telephone network. Westell, through Conference Plus, Inc., provides audio, video, and Web conferencing services to businesses and individuals. The company sells its products through domestic field sales organization and selected distributors to regional bell operating companies within the United States, as well as to various other entities, including public telephone administrations located outside the United States, independent local exchange carriers, competitive local exchange carriers, inter-exchange carriers, Internet service providers, and business enterprises. Westell also markets its products in Canada and Europe. The company was founded in 1980 and is headquartered in Aurora, Illinois.


Optical Cable Corporation engages in the design, manufacture, and production of tight buffered fiber optic cables for high bandwidth transmission of data, video, and audio communications. The company offers A-Series assembly fiber optic cables and B-Series fiber optic cables for shorter distance installations. Its D-Series fiber optic cables are used in longer distance applications. D-Series fiber optic cables are used for trunking, local area network, and distribution applications. The company's G-Series fiber optic cables are used, where groups of optical fibers are routed to different locations. Optical Cable sells its products primarily to distributors, original equipment manufacturers, system integrators, electrical contractors, value added resellers, government agencies, military, educational institutions, and end users worldwide. The company was incorporated in 1983 and is based in Roanoke, Virginia.


ADTRAN, Inc. engages in the design, development, manufacture, marketing, and service of a range of network access products to communications networks worldwide. Its products are classified into three categories: Systems, High bit-rate Digital Subscriber Line (HDSL/T1), and Digital Business Transport (DBT). Its Systems category's products include broadband access platforms, OSP digital subscriber line access multiplexers, Internet protocol access routers, Ethernet switches, optical access multiplexers and service units, fixed wireless radios, M13/STS-1 multiplexers, narrowband access platforms, IMA concentrators, integrated access devices, and Internet security/firewall appliances and related access equipment. The HDSL/T1 category includes various Time Division Multiplex and ATM products used to deploy T1/E1, fractional T1/E1, and Symmetrical HDSL (SHDSL) services to businesses over dedicated leased-line copper. The products in this category include carrier-based HDSL, HDSL2, and HDSL4 solutions for the central office, outside plant, and customer premises; global TDM-based SHDSL solutions; and enterprise-based T1 and T3 Data Service Units/Channel Service Units and multiplexers. The DBT category includes legacy products used to deploy integrated services digital network, digital data service, and frame relay services. The company provides its services to large and small independent telephone companies, competitive service providers, Internet service providers, long distance service providers, wireless service providers, and incumbent carriers and competitive service providers. It also serves private and public organizations in various markets, including finance, retail, food service, government, education, healthcare, manufacturing, military, transportation, hospitality, and energy/utility. ADTRAN was incorporated in 1985 and is headquartered in Huntsville, Alabama.


AltiGen Communications, Inc. engages in the design, manufacture, and marketing of Internet protocol telephony systems for small-to-medium sized businesses. It primarily offers Internet protocol phone systems and contact centers that use IP networks, the Internet, and the public telephone network to enable an array of applications that take benefit of the convergence of voice and data communications. The company provides AltiServ family of Internet protocol business telephone systems, contact center solutions, and multitenant phone systems, as well as phone sets for these systems. AltiGen Communications sells products primarily through distributors and resellers to small-to-medium sized businesses, multisite businesses, corporate branch offices, call centers, credit unions, and community banks in the United States, Europe, and Asia Pacific. The company was founded by Gilbert Hu in 1994 and is headquartered in Fremont, California.


PHAZAR CORP, through its wholly owned subsidiaries, engages in the design, manufacture, and marketing of antenna systems, towers, and communication accessories worldwide. It offers ground to air collinear antennas, instrument landing antennas and towers, fixed system multiport antenna arrays, tactical quick erect antennas and masts, shipboard antenna tilting devices, transport pallets, surveillance antennas, antenna rotators, positioners and controls, and broadcast baluns. The company also provides a line of commercial wireless fixed and mobile antennas for instrument scientific medical, wireless Internet, wireless LAN, wireless local loop, fixed GPS, fixed wireless, and embedded Bluetooth market applications. PHAZAR's customers primarily include the United States government, military and civil agencies, and prime contractors. The company was founded in 1972 and is based in Mineral Wells, Texas.


Harris Stratex Networks, Inc. designs, manufactures, and sells a range of wireless networking products, solutions, and services to mobile and fixed telephone service providers, private network operators, government agencies, transportation and utility companies, public safety agencies, and broadcast system operators. The company's products primarily comprise licensed point-to-point microwave radios that include Eclipse, a platform for nodal wireless transmission systems; TRuepoint, a platform for point-to-point wireless communications; Constellation, a family of medium-to-high-capacity point-to-point digital radios operates in the 6, 7/8, and 10/11 GHz frequencies, which are designed for network applications and support both PDH and SONET; and the MegaStar, a family of N for 1, carrier-class digital point-to-point radios that operate in the 5, 6, 7/8, and 11 GHz frequencies. Its products also consists of license-exempt point-to-point microwave radios that include Velox LE that operate in the 2.4 and 5.8 GHz license-exempt frequency bands and offer wireless service in 1, 2, 4, or 8 T1/E1 configurations. In addition, the company offers network management product families, such as NetBoss, a family of network management and service assurance solutions for managing multi-vendor, multi-technology communications networks; ProVision a centralized network monitoring and control system for Eclipse and TRuepoint products; and StarView that provides comprehensive element management for Harris Stratex Networks and other microwave radio products based on the SNMP protocol. It has operations in the Americas, Europe, Africa, and Asia. The company is headquartered in Morrisville, North Carolina.


Radyne Corporation engages in the design, manufacture, sale, integration, and installation of products, systems, and software used for the transmission and reception of data and video over satellite, microwave, and cable communication networks. The company's products include satellite modems and earth stations; Internet via satellite terminal equipment; frequency converters; data, audio, and video broadcast equipment; cable and microwave modems; and integrated receivers/decoders. Radyne, through its Tiernan subsidiary, supplies HDTV and SDTV encoding and transmission equipment. Its Xicom Technology subsidiary produces high power amplifiers for communications applications and other RF products. The company sells products through a network of international sales and service offices, agents, and sales representatives to various customers, including the television broadcast industry; international telecommunications companies that include Internet service providers, private communications networks, network and cable television, financial information providers, systems integrators, banks, and other corporate entities; and the U.S. government. Radyne primarily operates in the United States, Europe, and Asia. The company was incorporated as Radyne Corp. in 1980 and changed its name to Radyne ComStream, Inc. in 1999. Subsequently, it changed its name to Radyne Corporation in June 2005. Radyne is headquartered in Phoenix, Arizona.


Orckit Communications, Ltd., together with its subsidiaries, engage in the design, development, manufacture, and marketing of telecom equipment that enables transmission of broadband services. The company offers the Corrigent CM-100 product line, a optical transport solution, for based on resilient packet ring and multi protocol label switching technologies, delivering packet transmission services in the metro area. The Corrigent CM-100 solution is designed to enable the provision and management of data and voice transport services. Orckit markets its products primarily in Israel, Asia, the United States, and Europe. The company was founded in 1990 and is headquartered in Tel-Aviv, Israel.


Aware, Inc. engages in the design, development, licensing, and marketing of intellectual property for broadband communications. The company offers asymmetric digital subscriber line (ADSL) technology for the telecommunications industry. ADSL technology enables telephone companies to use their existing copper telephone lines to offer broadband services. Its hardware products primarily include ADSL test and development systems, modules, and modems, as well as standard off-the-shelf software products for biometric, medical imaging, and digital imaging applications, as well as DSL test and diagnostics software. Aware licenses its broadband technology to semiconductor companies worldwide. The company was founded in 1986 and is headquartered in Bedford, Massachusetts.


Centillium Communications, Inc. provides semiconductor products that enable broadband communications. Its product portfolio includes silicon integrated circuits and associated software that are used in communications equipment for various broadband markets, including digital subscriber line (DSL) and Voice over Packet (VoP) applications. The company's Maximus and CopperFlite families of DSL infrastructure products are used in various types of communications equipment that aggregate and process data traffic from a substantial number of individual telephone lines for transmission through a data network. Centillium's Palladia family of products is used in various types of customer premises equipment that process data signals between a regular telephone line and a computer. The company provides three products for the VoP market: Entropia III, which is sold to manufacturers of broadband infrastructure products for use in central-office-based voice-switching equipment; Entropia II LP that is marketed for use in central office and enterprise voice equipment; and Entropia II EG, which is marketed for use in central office access gateways and enterprise voice equipment that requires lower channel densities. In addition, the company is developing a family of optical access products targeting optical infrastructure in the Fiber-To-The-Premises market. The company markets and sells its products through its direct sales force and independent sales representatives. Centillium was founded in 1997 and is headquartered in Fremont, California.


ARRIS Group, Inc. engages in the development, manufacture, and supply of telephony, data, video, construction, rebuild, and maintenance equipment for the broadband communications industry. It also provides hybrid fiber-coax networks and systems. The company provides its products and equipment principally to the cable television market and to multiple cable systems operators. Its cable telephony offer local and long distance residential telephone services. The company provides its products and equipment primarily to the cable television market and to operators of multiple cable systems in North America, Europe, Latin America, Canada, China, Hong Kong, Japan, Korea, Singapore, and Taiwan. ARRIS Group headquartered in Suwanee, Georgia.


Numerex Corp. engages in the development and marketing of a range of communications products and services, primarily wireless data communications. It operates in three segments: Wireless Data Communications (WDC), Digital Multimedia and Networking (DMN), and Wireline. The WDC segment provides wireless machine-to-machine (M2M) communications products and services, which include CellemetryXG, Uplink, MobileGuardian, and VendView. CellemetryXG provides network product strategy and an array of solution components that support the M2M value chain. These components primarily include Cellemetry, a wireless data network dedicated to M2M communications; and CellemetryXG Network Services primarily consisting of customized billing, GPS mapping for mobile applications, back-end message delivery management, and interactive voice and Web services. Uplink is a wireless communications solution for security monitoring that reports various alarms, status, and messages generated by security systems. MobileGuardian is a Web-based vehicle location and recovery solution that combines global positioning system and CellemetryXG wireless communications technology. VendView is a wireless vending machine monitoring solution that combines wireless network access modules, monitoring devices, and the CellemetryXG wireless data network. The DMN segment offers networking products and services, and video conferencing products that consist of PowerPlay, an integrated hardware-software system, which supports the control of various network devices, including VCRs, cameras, and switches; and IPContact, a desktop videoconferencing software package. The Wireline segment provides wireline security detection products and services that comprise Digilog and DCX. The company sells its products primarily through distributors, system integrators, and value-added resellers in the United States, Canada, Mexico, the Caribbean, and Latin America. Numerex was formed in 1988 and is headquartered in Atlanta, Georgia.


Law Enforcement Associates Corporation, through its subsidiary, Law Enforcement Associates, Inc., engages in the manufacture and distribution of surveillance and intelligence gathering products, and vehicle inspection equipment. Its products comprise a line of audio surveillance equipment, including radio frequency transmitters, receivers, and repeaters for use in surveillance and intelligence gathering operations by law enforcement agencies. The company also offers video transmission systems, video surveillance systems, disguised antennas, digital pinhole surveillance system, digital noise filter, and disguised video/audio recording system. In addition, it produces the Bloodhound Global Positioning tracking system, a global positioning system receiver combined with a cellular telephone that enables undercover surveillance agents to monitor the movements of a vehicle; and the Under Vehicle Inspection System, which is used to view the underside of vehicles entering and exiting secure areas or facilities for explosive devices and other contraband. Law Enforcement Associates markets and distributes its products directly through sales representatives and its Web site to federal, state, and local law enforcement agencies; local police departments; state corrections facilities; the United States and allied militaries; highway patrols; sheriffs' departments; and select private security personnel in the United States and internationally. The company was incorporated in 1972 and is headquartered in Youngsville, North Carolina.


Motorola, Inc. provides mobility products and solutions across broadband, embedded systems, and wireless networks worldwide. It operates in four segments: Mobile Devices, Networks, Government and Enterprise Mobility Solutions, and Connected Home Solutions. Mobile Devices designs, manufactures, sells, and services wireless subscriber and server equipment for cellular systems, portable energy storage products and systems, servers and software solutions, and related software and accessory products. Networks segment designs, manufactures, sells, installs, and services wireless infrastructure communication systems. It offers end-to-end wireless networks, including radio base stations; base site controllers; associated software and services; mobility soft switching; application platforms; and third-party switching for CDMA, GSM, iDEN, and UMTS technologies. It also offers embedded communications computing platforms; fiber-to-the-premise and fiber-to-the-node transmission systems supporting high-speed data, video, and voice; and wireless broadband systems. Government and Enterprise Mobility Solutions segment provides analog and digital two-way radio, voice, and data communications products and systems to public-safety, government, utility, transportation, and other markets, as well as offers integrated information management, mobile, and biometric applications and services. It also offers automotive electronics systems and telematics systems. Connected Home Solutions segment offers digital systems and set-top terminals for cable TV and broadcast networks; cable modems and cable modem termination systems, and IP-based telephony products; hybrid fiber coaxial network transmission systems used by cable TV operators; digital satellite TV systems; and direct-to-home satellite networks and private networks. The company was founded in 1928 as Galvin Manufacturing Corporation and changed its name to Motorola, Inc. in 1947. Motorola is headquartered in Schaumburg, Illinois.


Tellabs, Inc. engages in the design and marketing of communications equipment to telecommunications service providers worldwide. The company's products are classified into transport, managed access, voice quality, broadband data, and access products. Transport systems include digital-cross connect systems, transport products, transport switches, and optical transport systems. Managed access systems include mobile transmission systems, which are used for cell site aggregation and backhaul; cable telephony distribution systems, which enable cable television providers, alternate access carriers, and competitive access providers to build communication networks that support the integrated delivery of video and circuit-switched voice and data services; and edge nodes, core nodes, switch nodes, and transport switches. Voice-quality systems primarily consists broadband and narrowband echo cancellers, integrated echo cancellation, and other voice-quality solutions to manage voice quality in wireless, long distance, and private communications networks. Broadband data systems include multiservice routers, which enable carriers to integrate frame relay, asynchronous transfer mode network services, Ethernet, and Internet protocol (IP) data networks onto a converged multiprotocol label switching infrastructure (MPLS). It also includes managed edge systems, which are IP/MPLS-based platforms with service management tools. Access Products include optical networking terminals for fiber to the premise access systems. Tellabs products and services provide solutions for wireline services to business and residential customers, wireless services, and broadband data networking. The company also provides installation and professional services, such as network deployment, traffic management, support services, and training. It sells its products through its field sales force and distributors. Tellabs was founded in 1974 and is headquartered in Naperville, Illinois.


Frequency Electronics, Inc. engages in the design, development, and manufacture of high precision timing, frequency control, and synchronization products for space and terrestrial voice, video, and data telecommunications. The company offers space and terrestrial commercial communications products used primarily in the wireless and wireline markets; products for wireline and network synchronization systems that provide network management and wireline synchronization for various industries and telecommunications providers in Europe, Africa, the Middle East, and Asia; and precision time and frequency generation, and synchronization products. Its products are marketed directly, as well as through independent sales representative organizations to commercial and governmental customers. The company was founded in 1961 and is based in Mitchel Field, New York.


Endwave Corporation engages in the design, manufacture, and marketing of radio frequency (RF) subsystems. These RF subsystems enable the transmission, reception, and processing of high speed electromagnetic signals in broadband wireless telecommunications systems, cellular telephone infrastructure networks, defense electronics systems, homeland security, and other similar systems requiring RF, microwave, and millimeter wave technology. Its products include RF modules, such as power amplifiers, low noise amplifiers, up and down converters, frequency multipliers, oscillators, synthesizers, integrated transceivers, and power amplifier switch combiners used in cellular base stations. It also offers build-to-print manufacturing services for customer designed products, such as multifunction modules, transceivers, and other key components of outdoor units. The company sells its products primarily to wireless systems integrators, defense contractors, sub-contractors, test equipment/instrumentation providers, and original equipment manufacturers. Endwave was incorporated in 1991. The company was formerly known as Endgate Corporation and changed its name to Endwave Corporation in 2000 following its merger with TRW Milliwave, Inc. Endwave is headquartered in Sunnyvale, California.


CalAmp Corp. engages in the design, manufacture, and marketing of microwave equipment used in the reception of television programming transmitted from satellites and wireless terrestrial transmission sites, as well as two-way transceivers used for wireless high-speed Internet service. CalAmp supplies direct broadcast satellite outdoor customer premise equipment to the United States satellite television market. The company also provides wireless connectivity solutions for the healthcare industry, public safety organizations, telemetry and asset tracking markets, enterprise-class 802.11 networks, and digital multimedia delivery applications. CalAmp provides technology integration solutions consisting of professional services, and proprietary software and hardware to enterprise customers and original equipment manufacturers. The company was founded in 1981. CalAmp was formerly known as California Amplifier, Inc. and changed its name to CalAmp Corp. in 2004. The company is headquartered in Oxnard, California.


Optium Corporation engages in the design, manufacture, and sale of optical subsystems for use in telecommunications and cable TV network systems. It offers a suite of optical subsystems, including transceivers and transmitters, which deliver voice, video, and other data services for consumers and enterprises in the long haul, metropolitan, and access segments of telecommunications and cable TV networks. The company's products include 300 pin transceivers, which are used in access, metro, and long haul fiber optic networks operating at 10Gb/s; XENPAK transceivers, which are used in 10Gb/s Ethernet systems for high speed fiber optic interfaces in long haul and metro networks; and XFP transceivers that are used in access, metro, long haul, and storage area network applications for fiber optic transmission systems operating at 10Gb/s. Its products also comprise DWP ROADM, a reconfigurable optical add/drop multiplexer; HFC externally modulated transmitter subsystem, HFC distribution transmitter subsystem, and QAM distribution transmitter subsystem, which are used in metro and access networks; and FTTH headend transmitter subsystem, which is used in access networks. The company's customers include network systems vendors, whose customers include wireline and wireless telecommunications service providers and cable TV operators. It principally markets and sells its optical subsystems directly and through sales representatives in North America, Europe, the Middle East, Asia, and South America. The company was founded in 2000. It was formerly known as Optium, Inc. and changed its name to Optium Corporation in 2001. Optium Corporation is headquartered in Horsham, Pennsylvania.


I.D. Systems, Inc. provides wireless solutions for corporate asset management. The company designs, develops, and produces wireless monitoring and tracking products that utilize its radio-frequency-based system. It offers Wireless Asset Net fleet management system, which provides wireless vehicle access control to restrict access of equipment to trained and authorized personnel; electronic vehicle inspection checklists; early detection of emerging vehicle safety issues; and impact sensing to assign responsibility for accidents, as well as automates and enforces preventative maintenance. I.D. Systems' rental car monitoring system automatically uploads mileage and fuel data from rental vehicles. It markets systems primarily to large corporations and government agencies in the United States. The company was incorporated in 1993 and is headquartered in Hackensack, New Jersey.


Alcatel-Lucent provides solutions that enable service providers, enterprises, and governments to deliver voice, data, and video communication services to end-users worldwide. It operates in three segments: Carrier, Enterprise, and Services. The Carrier segment comprises the Wireline, Wireless, and Convergence business groups. The Wireline group offers core networks access networks facilitating the delivery of voice, data, and video services. The Wireless group serves the needs of wireless carriers and provides a range of mobile communications, including GSM/GPRS/EDGE, W-CDMA, and CDMA, as well as nascent technologies, such as WiMAX. The Convergence Business group offers a product portfolio, which supports voice, multimedia, entertainment, and converged services. The Enterprise segment develops secure and end-to-end business critical communications products, including IP and hybrid-IP telephone systems, call center software and applications, and IP networking products. The Services segment provides network integration and other professional services, network operations services, and maintenance services. Its network integration, planning, design, optimization, and management services are critical to simplifying network convergence and the transformation of its carrier and enterprise customers' networks to IP infrastructure and empowering service providers. This segment's maintenance services enables its customers in improving the performance of their multi-vendor networks and maintain network reliability and availability; remote technical support services that provide remote support capabilities to diagnose, resolve, and restore the network; and on-site technical support services, which offer technical specialists to deliver on-site maintenance services. The company was founded in 1898. It was formerly known as Alcatel and changed its name to Alcatel-Lucent in 2006. The company is headquartered in Paris, France.


Ikanos Communications, Inc. provides silicon and software for interactive broadband. It develops and markets end-to-end solutions for the last mile and the digital home, which enable carriers to offer enhanced triple play services, including voice, video, and data. Its solutions power DSLAMs, optical network units, concentrators, customer premises equipment, modems, and residential gateways for network equipment manufacturers. The company's products include VDSLx and residential gateways for distributing advanced services in the home. These products consist of Fx and FxS families of VDSLx Physical Layer (PHY) products targeted at the broadband over copper market, and provide transmission rates up to 100 Mbps downstream and upstream; SmartLeap and CleverConnect families of VDSLx PHY products targeted at the broadband over copper market, and provide transmission rates up to 60 Mbps downstream and 30 Mbps upstream; Eagle family of ADSL2+ PHY products primarily targeted at ADSL2+ USB modems, which provide a solution for broadband connectivity; Fusiv family of residential gateway products primarily targeted at customer premises equipment for fiber extension, VDSLx, and ADSL2+ markets; and DoraVison evaluation kit that comprises an end-to-end system model, synthesizable RTL code, core level testbench, and FPGA evaluation board, designed for digital TV applications. Ikanos Communications' customers include original destination manufacturers (ODMs), contract manufacturers (CMs), and original equipment manufacturers (OEMs), who in turn sell its semiconductors to carriers, as well as to third-party sales representations, who in turn sell to ODMs, CMs and OEMs in Asia, Europe, and North America. The company was founded in 1999. It was formerly known as Velocity Communications and changed its name to Ikanos Communications in 2000. Further, the company changed its name to Ikanos Communications, Inc. in 2005. Ikanos Communications is headquartered in Fremont, California.


Optelecom-NKF, Inc. provides integrated multimedia products for communicating video, audio, and other data through both copper wire and optical network systems. It operates through two segments, Communication Products and Electro-Optics Technology. The Communication Products segment engages in the development, manufacture, and sale of optical fiber-based data communication equipment to both commercial and government clients. It supplies solutions for highway traffic management, air traffic control, border surveillance, facilities security, and business video systems. This segment offers products in various categories, including data communications products, uncompressed digital video transmission products, course wavelength division multiplexer systems, high resolution red green blue video transmission products, and compressed digital video transmission products. The Electro-Optics Technology segment develops and manufactures optical devices under contract, primarily to government and defense industry customers. It fabricates precision-wound coils of optical fiber used as the sensing elements of fiber optic gyroscopes and for applications ranging from optical fiber dispensers used in remote vehicle control systems to precision optical fiber coils for communications systems. Optelecom-NKF sells its products through direct sales force, commercial integrators, and resellers. The company was organized in 1972. It was formerly known as Optelecom, Inc. and changed its name to Optelecom-NKF, Inc. in April 2005. Optelecom-NKF is headquartered in Germantown, Maryland.


KVH Industries, Inc. engages in the design, development, manufacture, and marketing of navigation, guidance, and stabilization; and mobile satellite communication sensor products. Its navigation, guidance, and stabilization products include defense-related equipment, as well as KVH fiber optic gyros for both military and commercial applications. The company's mobile satellite communication products comprise marine and land mobile satellite communication equipment, such as satellite-based telephone, television, and broadband Internet connectivity services. The company sells its products principally in North America, Europe, the Middle East, Asia Pacific, and Latin and South America. KVH sells its mobile satellite communications products through independent retailers, chain stores, and distributors, as well as to manufacturers of marine vessels and recreational vehicles. It sells its defense products directly to U.S. and allied governments and government contractors, as well as through authorized independent sales representatives. The company was co-founded by Martin Kits van Heyningen in 1978 and is headquartered in Middletown, Rhode Island.


AudioCodes, Ltd. engages in the design, development, and marketing of technologies and products for enabling the transmission of voice over packet media, gateway technologies, and systems for converged networks. Its products include signal processor chips, communications boards and modules, and system products. The company's signal processor chips process voice, data, and fax signals and compress this information into packets for sending between traditional telephone networks and packet networks. AudioCodes offers communications boards and modules for communication system products that are deployed on both access networks and enterprise networks. The carrier network applications for these boards and modules include media gateways, which terminate calls from the public switched telephone network, packetize and compress the call, and then switch the call to the packet network, and vice-versa. The enterprise applications for these products include computer telephony integration deployments for contact centers. AudioCodes offers system products, including media servers and media gateways, for access networks, trunking applications in carrier networks, and enterprise networks. Media servers provide conferencing, multilanguage announcement functionality, and other media server applications for voice over packet networks. Its media gateway products include low density analog media gateways and low, mid, and high density digital media gateways. The company's customers include original equipment manufacturers, system integrators, and network equipment providers in the telecommunications and networking industries. AudioCodes operates in Israel, Americas, Europe, and the Far East. The company was co-founded by Shabtai Adlersberg. It was incorporated in 1992 and is headquartered in Lod, Israel.


ECtel, Ltd. engages in the development and marketing of fraud prevention and revenue assurance solutions for circuit-switched and packet-switched wireline and wireless networks. The company offers revenue assurance, fraud prevention, and revenue assistance solutions, which consist of proprietary software and hardware components, as well as off-the-shelf hardware and software components. Its solutions equip telecommunications service providers with data gathering and analysis capabilities by detecting and preventing fraud; supporting revenue assurance, including call leakage detection; enabling to settle interconnect disputes between operators; monitoring network usage, and providing traffic trend reports. ECtel sells its products through its direct sales force and marketing staff, as well as through representatives, distributors, and sales consultants in Israel, the Americas, Europe, Asia Pacific, and other countries. The company, formerly known as ECI Telesystems, Ltd., was established in 1990 and is headquartered in Rosh Ha'ayin, Israel.


DSP Group, Inc., a fabless semiconductor company, offers short-range wireless communication chip-set solutions for consumer electronics and telecommunication markets worldwide. The company's system-on-a-chip solution includes applications for digital telephony, European digital enhanced cordless telecommunications telephony, and Bluetooth systems for voice, data, and video communication in residential, small-office home-office, and small to medium enterprise environments. In addition, the company offers integrated circuit products that are used in hand-held digital voice recorders, MP3 players, voice over Internet protocol phones, residential gateways, and integrated access devices. It sells its products, through distributors and representatives, to original equipment manufacturers and original design manufacturers in North and South America, Europe, and Asia. DSP Group was founded in 1979 and is headquartered in Santa Clara, California.


Ditech Communications Corporation engages in the design, development, and marketing of telecommunications equipment for use in canceling echo and enhancing voice quality in voice calls over wireline, wireless, satellite and IP telecommunications networks. Ditech's voice processing products are used by mobile and wire-line operators for circuit and packet based networks. Its products include voice enhancement and echo canceller solutions. The company offers Voice Quality Assurance (VQA), a solution for voice enhancement that includes both noise reduction and echo cancellation to provide improved sound quality on calls made over wireless networks. Ditech markets its products in the United States through a direct sales force and, to a lesser extent, through distributors. Internationally, it markets the products through a direct sales force, value-added resellers, system integrators, and distributors. The company was originally incorporated as Phone Info., Inc. in 1983 and subsequently changed its name to Automated Call Processing Corporation, Inc. Automated Call Processing Corporation sold portions of its business and merged with its wholly owned subsidiary in 1997 and the surviving entity was renamed Ditech Corporation. Ditech Corporation was reincorporated in Delaware in 1999 and changed its name to Ditech Communications Corporation. The company is headquartered in Mountain View, California. Ditech acquired Jasomi Networks, Inc. in June 2005. Jasomi develops and sells session border controllers, which enable VoIP calls to traverse the network address translation and firewall devices in customers' networks.


Comarco, Inc., through its subsidiary, Comarco Wireless Technologies, Inc., provides wireless test solutions for the wireless industry. It operates in three businesses areas: Wireless Test Solutions (WTS), Emergency Call Box Systems (Call Box), and Mobile Power Products (ChargeSource). The company's WTS business designs and manufactures hardware and software tools for use by wireless carriers, equipment vendors, and others. Radio frequency engineers, professional technicians, and others use these tools to design, deploy, and optimize wireless networks; and to verify the performance of the wireless networks and resulting quality of service once deployed. Its Call Box business designs and manufactures emergency call box systems for state and local government agencies primarily located in California, which provide emergency communication over existing wireless networks and are deployed along highways, and at schools, universities, shopping centers, and parks. In addition to call box products, the company provides system installation and long-term maintenance services. As of December 31, 2004, Comarco maintained approximately 12,000 call boxes. The company's ChargeSource business designs universal power adapters for notebook computers, cellular telephones, digital versatile disks, personal digital assistants, and other handheld devices. Its current and planned product offering consists of alternate current (AC)/direct current (DC), AC, and DC power adapters designed for the right mix of power output and functionality for various retail, original equipment manufacture, and enterprise customers. Comarco markets its products through direct sales force and through independent sales representatives, as well as through affiliated and unaffiliated resellers in the Americas, Europe, and Asia Pacific. Comarco has a strategic agreement with Belkin Corporation to distribute its ChargeSource products. The company was founded in 1960 and is headquartered in Irvine, California.


Wireless Xcessories Group, Inc. distributes cellular accessories and components to dealers, distributors, retailers, agents, and airtime carriers in the United States and Canada. It offers a series of cases, vehicle power adapters, hands free headsets, IPod accessories, batteries, antennas, and a line of accessories for PDA'S, as well as entertainment accessories, such as headsets and chargers for MP3 players. In addition, the company offers airtime carrier phone and accessories compatible charts, email blast management programs, customized retail packaging, in store displays and posters, sales training materials, and e-commerce Web sites that allow its customers to offer products line to their end users. Wireless Xcessories Group was founded in 1983. It was formerly known as Batteries Batteries, Inc. and changed its name to Wireless Xcessories Group, Inc. in 2000. Wireless Xcessories Group is headquartered in Huntingdon Valley, Pennsylvania.


Symmetricom, Inc., through its subsidiaries, supplies precise timing standards to industry, government, utilities, research centers, and aerospace markets worldwide. Its Wireline Products segment offers digital clock distributors based on quartz, rubidium, and global positioning system (GPS) technologies. The company's Wireless/Original Equipment Manufacturer Products segment offers rubidium atomic oscillators; GPS accessory components, including receiving antennas, timing antennas, splitters, amplifiers, and lightning protectors; subsystem cards or modules used within another manufacturer's equipment; and broadband access devices. Its Global Services segment provides system planning, network audits, network monitoring, maintenance, logistics, and installation services. The company's Specialty Manufacturing/Other Products segment offers semiconductor equipment, transmission products, and contract manufacturing services. Symmetricom's Timing, Test, and Measurement segment provides precision time and frequency instruments and reference standards for various applications to the aerospace, defense, enterprise, test, and measurement marketplaces. Its products include synchronized clocks; network timeservers; network displays; time code generators; computer plug-in cards; and primary reference standards, such as cesium frequency standards and active hydrogen masers. The company's customers include worldwide public network providers, incumbent local exchange carriers, public telephone and telegraph companies, competitive local exchange carriers, other telephone companies, wireless service providers, cable television operators, distributors and systems integrators, Internet service providers, and communications original equipment manufacturers. It sells its products directly to customers, as well as through distributors and systems integrators. Symmetricom was incorporated in 1956 and is headquartered in San Jose, California.


EFJ, Inc. engages in the design, manufacture, and marketing of wireless radios and wireless communication infrastructure and systems, and information security products. The company, through its subsidiary, E.F. Johnson Company, offers mobile and portable land mobile radios (LMR); stationary LMR transmitters/receivers, such as base stations or repeaters; and LMR systems, including voting equipment, gateways, and other associated control platforms. EFJ, through its other subsidiary, Transcrypt International, Inc., designs, develops, manufactures, and markets information security products, which prevent unauthorized access to sensitive voice communications; and LMR signaling accessory products. Its information security products are based on a range of analog scrambling and digital encryption technologies and are sold primarily to the LMR markets as an add-on security device for analog radios. The company primarily markets its products to domestic public safety/public service and other government users, domestic commercial users, and international customers. EFJ is based in Irving, Texas.


Digital Angel Corporation engages in the development and deployment of sensor and communications technologies that enable the identification, location tracking, and condition monitoring people, animals, and objects. It operates in two segments, Animal Applications and, GPS and Radio Communications. The Animal Applications segment develops, manufactures, and markets a line of electronic and visual identification devices for the companion animal, livestock, laboratory animal, fish, and wildlife markets worldwide. This segment principally employs electronic ear tags and implantable microchips that use radio frequency transmission. The GPS and Radio Communications segment designs, manufactures, and supports global positioning systems enabled equipment for location tracking and message monitoring of vehicles and aircraft in remote locations, as well as for telemetry, mobile data, and radio communications applications. The company is headquartered in South Saint Paul, Minnesota. Digital Angel Corporation is a subsidiary of Applied Digital Solutions, Inc.


Qiao Xing Universal Telephone, Inc. engages in the manufacture and distribution of telecommunications products. Its product portfolio includes telecommunications terminals and related products, including fixed wireless phones and mobile phones; and consumer electronics, such as MP3 players, cash registers, and set-top-box products. The company also designs fixed line telephones and GSM mobile phones. Qiao Xing Universal distributes its products through independent regional distributors, and after-sales service centers, including wholesale agencies in China. As of December 31, 2004, the company distributed its products through 40 regional distributors to approximately 5,000 retail outlets in China. It has strategic partnership relationships with China Telecom, China Netcom, China Railcom, China Mobile, and China Unicom. The company was founded by Rui Lin Wu in 1992 and is based in Huizhou City, People's Republic of China.


WJ Communications, Inc. engages in the design, development, and marketing of radio frequency (RF) semiconductor products for wireless and wireline networks, defense and homeland security systems, and RF identification systems worldwide. Its semiconductor products primarily consist of amplifiers, mixers, transistors, multichip modules, RFidentification readers and reader modules, components, and integrated assemblies, which seek to address the RF requirements of various systems. The company's wireless integrated assembly products are primarily used in wireless infrastructure equipment, such as cellular base stations, which provide a combination of voice and data services to mobile users. WJ Communications' products are used by telecommunication and broadband cable equipment manufacturers supporting and facilitating mobile communications, voice services, and data and image transport. The company sells its products principally to its distributor and original equipment manufacturers, including their manufacturing subcontractors; sales representatives; and distributors. WJ Communications was founded in 1957 and formerly known as Watkins-Johnson Company. The company is headquartered in San Jose, California.


Carrier Access Corporation designs, manufactures, and sells broadband access equipment to wireline and wireless carriers. It provides wireless and satellite products, including equipment for use in transporting and managing voice and data traffic between cell sites and regional switching offices; and equipment for providing FCC mandated E911 services. The company offers converged business access products that integrate multiple voice and data access services, as well as support the connection of customer voice and data equipment, such as telephones, enterprise telephone networks, local area networks, video conferencing equipment, and installed data equipment to wide area network services; and products that transmit voice communications over the Internet. It also provides Exxtenz product that enables service providers to utilize PON technology to deliver services, such as wire-speed Ethernet, voice, T1, and video services to businesses. The company sells its products directly to wireline and wireless carriers primarily in the continental United States, Latin America, and Asia, as well as indirectly through a channel of distributors, integration partners, and original equipment manufacturers. It serves wireline and wireless customers, including local and long distance carriers, wireless mobility carriers, cable operators, Internet carriers, and international communications providers. The company was founded in 1992 and is headquartered in Boulder, Colorado.