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Sirenza Microdevices, Inc. engages in the design and supply of radio frequency (RF) components for the commercial communications, and aerospace and defense equipment markets. The company's products receive and transmit voice and data signals in mobile wireless communications networks, as well as in other wireless and wireline applications in the United States and internationally. It operates in two segments: Amplifier and Signal Source. The Amplifier segment's products include amplifiers, power amplifiers, power modules, transceivers, and discrete and active antenna product lines. The Signal Source segment offers voltage controlled oscillator, phase-locked loop, coaxial resonator oscillators, passive and active mixers, and other multicomponent module products, which are used in mobile wireless infrastructure applications to generate and control RF signals. Its aerospace and defense products include components for government, military, avionics, space, and homeland security systems. Sirenza Microdevices was incorporated in 1985 as Matrix Microassembly Corporation and changed its name to Stanford Microdevices, Inc. in 1997. Further, it changed its name to Sirenza Microdevices, Inc. in 2001. The company is headquartered in Broomfield, Colorado.


ANADIGICS, Inc. engages in designing and manufacturing radio frequency integrated circuit (RFIC) solutions for the wireless and broadband communications markets worldwide. The company offers various products, including amplifiers, splitters, switches, tuner integrated circuits, photodiodes, and integrated RF modules. In the wireless market, it focuses on RFIC solutions for wireless communication handset applications operating over various air interface standards, including Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA), Global System for Mobile communication (GSM), Wideband CDMA, General Packet Radio Service, and Enhanced Data rate for GSM Evolution. In the broadband markets, the company focuses on applications for wireless local area networks systems, cable television (CATV) subscriber products, CATV infrastructure systems, and fiber optic communications systems. Its products are primarily included in cellular and personal communications service phones and base stations, wireless local area networks, and cable television infrastructure and set-top boxes. Anadigics was organized in 1984 and is headquartered in Warren, New Jersey.


EMCORE Corporation offers a portfolio of compound semiconductor-based components and subsystems for the broadband, fiber optic, satellite, solar, and wireless communications markets. It operates in three segments: Fiber Optics, Photovoltaics, and Electronic Materials and Devices. The Fiber Optics segment provides optical components, subsystems, and systems that enable the transmission of video, voice, and data over fiber optic cables. It serves the cable television, fiber-to-the-premise, telecommunications, data and satellite communications, storage area network, and the defense and homeland security markets. The Photovoltaics segment provides solar cell products and solar panels to global satellite communications market. The Electronic Materials and Devices segment offers RF transistor materials for wireless communications systems, such as WiMAX and Wi-Fi Internet access; and 3G mobile handsets and PDA devices. It serves semiconductor, telecommunications, data communications, and computer manufacturing companies worldwide. The company, through a 49% ownership in GELcore, LLC, engages in developing and commercializing light emitting diode technology for use in the general and specialty illumination markets. EMCORE was founded in 1984 and is headquartered in Somerset, New Jersey.


OmniVision Technologies, Inc. and its subsidiaries engage in the design, development, and marketing of semiconductor image sensor devices. Its principal products, referred under the name CameraChips, are single chip complementary metal oxide semiconductor solutions that integrate various functions, including image capture, image processing, color processing, and the conversion and output of the processed image or video stream. The resulting image or video stream can be displayed on either digital or analog equipment, such as computers or televisions. These CameraChips are used in various consumer applications, such as digital still and video cameras, cell phones, personal digital assistants, personal computers, and toys and games. In addition, CameraChips are integrated into commercial and home security and surveillance applications, such as child monitors and door phones. OmniVision Technologies also provides companion chips that are used to connect its CameraChips to various interfaces and perform compression and standardized still photo and digital image formats. Further, it designs and develops software drivers for various computer operating systems, as well as embedded operating systems. The company sells its products directly to original equipment manufacturers and value added resellers, and indirectly through distributors. It sells its products primarily to customers in the Asia Pacific region. OmniVision Technologies was co-founded by Shaw Hong and Raymond Wu. The company was incorporated in 1995 and is based in Sunnyvale, California.


hi/fn, inc., together with its subsidiaries, engages in the design, development, and marketing of multiprotocol packet processors, semiconductor devices, and software for network connectivity and storage of business information in the United States. Its network and security processors, compression, flow classification, and content search solutions are used in networking, security, and storage equipment, such as routers, remote access concentrators, virtual private networks, switches, broadband access equipment, network interface cards, firewalls, and back-up storage devices. The company offers network bandwidth enhancement, network security, network flowthrough security, network processors, network flow classification, and storage enhancement products. It supplies compression, encryption, authentication, and application recognition technologies. hi/fn offers integrated circuits and software for manufacturers of computer networking products. The company serves networking, security, and storage original equipment manufacturers in the United States, Asia, and Europe. Its products are sold through a direct sales and marketing organization and through independent contract sales representatives in the United States, Europe, and Japan. The company has strategic partnerships with Agere, Ashley Laurent, Intoto, NeoScale, and QLogic. hi/fn was founded in 1996 and is headquartered in Los Gatos, California.


ParkerVision, Inc. engages in the design, development, and marketing of wireless integrated circuits (ICs) and products based on its wireless radio frequency (RF) transceiver technology. It offers Direct2Data technology, a wireless direct conversion radio frequency transceiver technology for various wireless communications applications. The company provides wireless networking products that include transceiver IC's and RF power amplifier products. ParkerVision markets its products primarily to original equipment manufacturers and original design manufacturers in the United States and Canada. ParkerVision was founded in 1989 and is headquartered in Jacksonville, Florida.


ASE Test Limited provides various semiconductor testing and packaging services. Its services include front-end engineering testing, final testing of logic/mixed-signal semiconductors, wafer probing, and turnkey services. The company's front-end engineering testing services include software program development, electrical design validation and reliability, and failure analysis. It offers final tests services for various logic/mixed-signal semiconductors used in networking and wireless communications, graphics and disk controllers for home entertainment, and personal computer applications, as well as in various application-specific integrated circuits. The company also provides final testing services for various memory products, such as static random access memory, dynamic random access memory, single-bit erasable programmable read-only memory, semiconductors, and flash memory semiconductors. In addition, it provides various test-related services, including burn-in testing, dry pack, and tape and reel. The company's leadframe and laminate-based semiconductor packaging services include ball grid array, quad flat packages, and thin quad flat packages. The semiconductors the company package are used in various end-use applications, including communications, personal computers, consumer electronics, industrial, automotive, and other applications. ASE Test also provides turnkey services, which include drop shipment of tested and packaged semiconductors. The company has a strategic alliance with TSMC. ASE Test was founded by Jason C.S. Chang in 1987. It was incorporated in 1995 as Jarich Test Private Limited and changed its name to ASE Test Private Limited in February 1996. Further, it changed its name to ASE Test Limited in April 1996. The company is based in Kaohsiung, Taiwan. ASE Test Limited is a subsidiary of Advanced Semiconductor Engineering, Inc.


MEMC Electronic Materials, Inc. produces wafers for the semiconductor industry worldwide. The company's product categories include prime polished, epitaxial, and test/monitor wafers. Its customers include semiconductor device manufacturers, including the major memory, microprocessor, and applications specific integrated circuit manufacturers, as well as foundries. MEMC Electronic Materials was formed in 1984 and is headquartered in St. Peters, Missouri.


Cabot Microelectronics Corporation engages in the development, manufacture, and sale of slurries for chemical mechanical planarization process (CMP). CMP is a polishing process used by IC device manufacturers to planarize or flatten many of the multiple layers of material that are built upon silicon wafers in the production of advanced integrated circuits. The company offers CMP slurries and pads. CMP slurries are liquid solutions generally composed of high-purity deionized water, proprietary chemical additives, and engineered abrasives that chemically and mechanically interact with the surface material of the integrated circuit device at an atomic level. CMP pads are engineered polymeric materials designed to distribute and transport the slurry to the surface of the wafer and distribute it evenly across the wafer. Cabot Microelectronics Corp.'s CMP products are used in various applications, such as polishing insulating dielectric layers; tungsten that is used to connect the multiple wiring layers of integrated circuit devices through these insulating layers; and copper wiring, including the associated barrier film. The company also offers CMP slurries for polishing various components in hard disk drives, specifically rigid disk substrates and magnetic heads. Cabot Microelectronics Corp. markets its products primarily in Asia Pacific region. The company was co-founded by William P. Noglows in 1999. Cabot Microelectronics Corp. is headquartered in Aurora, Illinois.


Microsemi Corporation engages in the design, manufacture, and marketing of analog and mixed-signal integrated circuits, and discrete semiconductors. Its semiconductors manage and control/regulate power; protect against transient voltage spikes; and transmit, receive, and amplify signals. The company's integrated circuit products offer light, sound, and power management for desktop and mobile computing platforms, as well as other power control applications. Its products are marketed through electronic component sales representatives and sales force to original equipment manufacturers. In addition, the company also markets catalog products through industrial distributors. Microsemi serves various markets, including implanted medical, defense/aerospace and satellite, notebook computers and LCD monitors, and automotive and mobile connectivity applications in the United States, Europe, and Asia. The company was formed in 1960 and was formerly known as Microsemiconductor Corporation, and changed its name to Microsemi Corporation in 1983. Microsemi is headquartered in Irvine, California.


AXT, Inc. engages in the design, development, manufacture, and distribution of compound and single element semiconductor substrates for use in wireless communications, lighting display applications, and fiber optic communications. The company's proprietary vertical gradient freeze crystal growth technology is used in manufacturing gallium arsenide substrates, as well as indium phosphide and germanium substrates. Gallium arsenide substrates are used in cellular phones, direct broadcast television, transistors, and satellite communications. Indium phosphide substrates are used in fiber optic communications, satellite communications, transistors, and automotive collision avoidance radars. Germanium substrates are used in satellite solar cells. AXT also manufactures and sells raw materials related to its substrate business through five joint ventures located in China. These joint ventures produce products, including gallium, arsenic, germanium, germanium dioxide, paralytic boron nitride crucibles, and boron oxide. The company sells its substrate products through its direct sales force in the United States and Japan, as well as through independent sales representatives in France, Germany, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, and the United Kingdom. AXT was founded in 1986. It changed its name from American Xtal Technology, Inc. to AXT, Inc. in 2000. The company is headquartered in Fremont, California.


United Microelectronics Corporation operates as a semiconductor foundry in Taiwan. It manufactures integrated circuits for fabless design companies, integrated device manufacturers, and system companies operating in various industries, such as communication, consumer electronics, computer, and memory. The company also offers subcontracted assembly and test services. United Microelectronics was founded in 1980 and is headquartered in Hsinchu City, Taiwan.


Semtech Corporation, through its subsidiaries, engages in the design, manufacture, and marketing of analog and mixed-signal semiconductors for computer, communication, and industrial applications. The company operates in two segments, Standard Semiconductor Products; and Rectifier, Assembly, and Other Products. The Standard Semiconductor Products segment offers power management circuits, protection products, test and measurement circuits, human input devices, and communication circuits. The Rectifier, Assembly, and Other Products segment provides assembly and rectifier devices, and custom integrated circuits. Its products are used in various end-applications, including notebook and desktop computers, computer gaming systems, personal digital assistants, cellular phones, wireline networks, wireless base stations, and automated test equipment. Semtech sells its products primarily to original equipment manufacturers in the United States, the United Kingdom, France, Germany, Switzerland, Taiwan, Korea, Japan, and China. The company was founded in 1960 and is headquartered in Camarillo, California.


Magma Design Automation, Inc. provides electronic design automation software products and related services. The company provides design and implementation software for designing and producing integrated circuits used in the communications, computing, consumer electronics, networking, and semiconductor industries. Magma provides RTL-to-GDSII design flow that includes prototyping, synthesis, place and route, and signal and power integrity chip design capabilities; capacitance extraction; design for test, physical verification, static, and statistical timing analysis; and characterization and modeling. Magma's software also includes products for advanced logical, physical synthesis, and architecture development tools for programmable logic devices, FPGAs, and structured ASICs; capacitance extraction; and characterization and modeling. The company also provides consulting, training, and chip design services. It sells its products primarily through direct sales force to semiconductor companies and electronic products manufacturers in Asia, Europe, and the United States. Magma was founded in 1977 and is headquartered in Santa Clara, California.


PMC-Sierra, Inc. engages in the design, development, marketing, and support of high-speed broadband communications and storage semiconductors, and MIPS-powered microprocessors for service provider, enterprise, storage, and wireless networking equipment. It provides communication networking products, which include a range of interoperable communication integrated circuits for metro access, metro transport, DSLAM, Ethernet over SONET/SDH, and wireless base transceiver stations; MIPS-Powered microprocessors; 1G, 2G, and 4G fiber channel disk array and system interconnect products; switch fabric applications and 3G interconnect products for storage networks and systems; serializer/deserializer devices; high-speed mixed signal devices; and semiconductor devices. The company also offers technical and sales support through a network of offices in North America, Europe, and Asia. PMC-Sierra sells its products to end customers directly and through distributors and independent manufacturers' representatives. The company has strategic relationship with Wintegra, Inc. to provide system solutions for multi-service networking, passive optical networking, metro networking, and wireless service backhaul. The company was incorporated in 1983 and is headquartered in Santa Clara, California.


Broadcom Corporation provides wired and wireless broadband communications semiconductor products that enable broadband communications and networking of voice, video, and data services. The company designs, develops, and supplies system-on-a-chip solutions incorporating digital, analog, and radio frequency technologies, as well as related hardware and software system level applications. It offers solutions for digital cable, satellite, and Internet protocol set-top boxes; high definition television; cable and digital subscriber line modems, and residential gateways; high-speed transmission and switching for local, metropolitan, wide area, and storage networking; home and wireless networking; cellular and terrestrial wireless communications; voice over Internet protocol gateway and telephony systems; broadband network and security processors; and SystemI/O server solutions. The company markets and sells its products in the United States through a direct sales force, distributors, and manufacturers' representatives. It also markets and sells its products primarily through independent distributors and representatives internationally. Broadcom Corporation was founded by Henry T. Nicholas III and Henry Samueli in 1991. The company is headquartered in Irvine, California.


Amkor Technology, Inc. operates as a subcontractor of semiconductor packaging and test services worldwide. It offers traditional packaging, which includes traditional leadframe products; and advanced packaging, which includes advanced leadframes and laminate products. Amkor's test solutions include wafer probe, final test, strip test, marking, bake, drypack, and tape and reel. The company tests various devices, including digital, linear, mixed signal, memory, radio frequency, and integrated combinations of these technologies. Amkor also provides engineering services, including test program development, test hardware development, test program conversion, device characterization, and qualification testing. The company offers its services to communications, computing, consumer, industrial, and automotive applications. Amkor Technology was founded in 1968 and is headquartered in West Chester, Pennsylvania.


Skyworks Solutions, Inc. engages in the design, development, manufacture, and marketing of analog, mixed signal, and digital semiconductors for mobile communications applications. The company offers power amplifiers, front-end modules, direct conversion transceivers, and complete system solutions that are used in multimedia handsets, cellular base stations, and wireless networking platforms. Skyworks also offers a portfolio of linear products, supporting a set of automotive, broadband, industrial, and medical customers. These include transceivers, mixers/synthesizers, amplifiers/attenuators, switches/filters, and couplers. The company operates in the North America, Europe, and Asia. Skyworks is headquartered in Woburn, Massachusetts.


Diodes Incorporated (DII) engages in the manufacture, sale, and distribution of discrete semiconductors, primarily to manufacturers in the communications, computing, industrial, consumer electronics, and automotive markets, as well as to distributors of electronic components to end customers in these markets. Its technologies include diode and transistor (D&T) arrays in multipin surface-mount packages; Powermite3 surface-mount packages; Schottkys, switching, and rectifier diodes; single and dual prebiased transistors; tolerance and low current zener diodes; subminiature surface-mount packages; transient voltage suppressors; small signal transistors and MOSFETs; and rectifiers. The company's product line includes density diode and transistor arrays in ultra-miniature surface-mount packages and silicon wafers used in manufacturing these products. Its products are designed into various end-products, such as wireless devices, notebook computers, flat-panel displays, set-top boxes, game consoles, digital cameras, cellular phones, PDAs, power supplies, security systems, network routers and switches, DC to DC conversion, as well as into automotive electronic applications, GPS navigation, satellite radios, and audio/video players. DII sells its products through electronic component distributors in North America, Asia, and Europe. The company was founded in 1959 and is headquartered in Westlake Village, California.


Microtune, Inc. engages in the design and marketing of radio frequency integrated circuits and subsystem module solutions to original equipment manufactures worldwide. The company offers its solutions to consumer electronics, broadband communications, and transportation electronics markets. Its consumer electronics and broadband communications products primarily consist of tuners, amplifiers, and upconverters that are used in various application, including mobile handheld televisions; analog, digital, and high-definition televisions; digital and analog set-top boxes; and PC/TV multimedia products, as well as products that send and receive cable and terrestrial broadband signals. The company's transportation electronics products include components for traditional AM/FM radios, as well as components for entertainment applications, including in-car and in-flight video, satellite radio, and HD radio. Microtune, Inc. was incorporated in 1996 and is headquartered in Plano, Texas.


Standard Microsystems Corporation provides digital, mixed-signal, and analog integrated circuits for various high-speed communication and computing applications. The company supplies semiconductor devices in three product platforms: Connectivity Solutions, Networking Products, and Computing Platform Solutions. The Connectivity Solutions product line offers system level semiconductor solutions that enable interoperability and connectivity in consumer electronics, multimedia computing, and mobile storage applications. Its products include hub controllers, flash card reader products, mass storage drive controller products, and standalone USB2.0 physical layer transceiver products. The company's Networking Products line provides Ethernet and ARCNET based solutions for embedded networking applications in business, industrial, and consumer markets. This product line includes Ethernet controllers and transceivers; and Embedded communications products for wireless base stations, copiers, building automation, robotics, gaming machines, and industrial applications. The Computing Platform Solutions product line includes input/output (I/O) products for PC-related computing applications. Its products include microcontrollers, super I/O controllers, system controller I/O devices, EMC devices, and PC-based server solutions. The company sells its products principally in North America, Asia Pacific region, and Europe. The company was founded in 1971 and is headquartered in Hauppauge, New York.


Atheros Communications, Inc. engages in the design, development, sale, and support of semiconductor system solutions for wireless communications products. The company provides a portfolio of multi-chip and single chip products, ranging from entry-level wireless networking products for the home and small office markets to wireless infrastructure systems-on-chip with network management capabilities for the enterprise market. Its wireless systems solutions are used in various applications in the personal computer, enterprise access, small office and branch office networking, home networking, hotspot, wireless broadband, voice, mobile computing devices, and consumer electronics markets. The company's product portfolio includes four types of semiconductors, such as radio-on-a-chip, a radio transmitter and receiver; MAC + baseband access controller; wireless system-on-a-chip; and single chip solutions. Atheros sells its products to original equipment manufacturers, original design manufacturers, original contract manufacturers through independent sales representatives and distributors in the United States and Asia. The company was founded in 1998 under the name T-Span Systems Corporation and changed its name to Atheros Communications, Inc. in 2000. Atheros Communications is headquartered in Sunnyvale, California.


Advanced Photonix, Inc. engages in the development and manufacture of optoelectronic devices, as well as value-added subsystems and systems. It manufactures optoelectronic semiconductor-based components, hybrid assemblies, and other proprietary solid state light and radiation detection devices, including proprietary advanced solid state silicon photodetection devices. The company's basic products and technologies include positive-intrinsic-negative photodetectors; silicon high resistivity p-type detectors; photodetector hybrids, which include signal amplification circuitry in the detector package; custom light emitting diode (LED) assemblies and LED displays; FILTRODE, its patented technology integrating optical filters on photodiode chips; and Avalanche Photodiode, its another patented technology. The company serves various global original equipment manufacturers in the telecommunication, military/aerospace, industrial sensing, medical, homeland security, and other markets. The company supports the customer from the initial concept and design phase of the product, through testing to full-scale production. The company was incorporated under the laws of the state of Delaware in 1988 and is based in Camarillo, California.


Supertex, Inc. operates as a technology-based producer of analog and mixed signal semiconductor components. It designs, develops, manufactures, and markets standard and custom interface products for use in the telecommunications, imaging, and medical electronics markets. Its products include analog switches and multiplexers, high voltage pulser integrated circuits (ICs), and MOSFET drivers primarily for ultrasound diagnostic imaging equipment, as well as selected portable instrument applications; interface products for driving flat panel displays; driver ICs for driving nonimpact printers and plotters; a family of products for driving EL panels to back-light liquid crystal displays; interface products used in telephone handsets, solid-state relays, modems, fax, integrated services digital network, networking, PABX, and PCMCIA cards, as well as diagnostic, curbside, set-top, and central office equipment; optical micro-electro-mechanical system driver ICs; and other products. Supertex markets its products through direct sales personnel, independent sales representatives, and distributors in the United States and abroad, primarily to electronic original equipment manufacturers. The company was founded by Henry C. Pao and Benedict C. K. Choy. Supertex was incorporated in California in 1975 and is headquartered in Sunnyvale, California.


Metalink, Ltd., a fabless semiconductor company, provides wireless and wireline broadband communication silicon solutions. The company's wireless LAN and DSL technologies enable broadband connectivity through high-speed delivery of advanced applications. It offers WLANPlus, a high-throughput wireless LAN technology that provides a wireless entertainment network for home coverage for simultaneous multiple high-definition video streams. Metalink's DSL products offer service providers a network upgrade to support triple-play services. Using its VDSL technologies, operators can deliver fiber-like speeds over existing copper infrastructure and support advanced services, such as video-on-demand, high definition TV, and interactive gaming. The company's DSL lines are used by service providers in Europe, North America, and Asia Pacific. Metalink was incorporated in 1992 and is headquartered in Yakum, Israel. The company has subsidiaries in Atlanta (U.S.), South Korea, and Japan, as well as offices in China.


Tech/Ops Sevcon, Inc., through its subsidiaries, engages in the design, manufacture, and sale of solid-state products that control motor speed and acceleration for battery powered electric vehicles. Its products are applied in various applications, primarily electric fork lift trucks, aerial lifts, and underground coal-mining equipment. The company also manufactures special metallized film capacitors for electronics applications, including the power electronics, signaling, and audio equipment markets. Tech/Ops Sevcon was founded in 1987 and is based in Southborough, Massachusetts.


SatCon Technology Corporation engages in the development, manufacture, and marketing of electronics and motors for the alternative energy, hybrid-electric vehicles, grid support, electronics, defense and aerospace, and power technology markets worldwide. It operates in three segments: Power Systems, Electronics, and Applied Technology. The Power Systems segment manufactures and sells high power line of power control systems, including high power motors, magnetic levitation systems, industrial automation motors, rotary UPS systems, machine tool motors, inverters, shaker vibration test systems, and other power products. The Electronics segment provides a range of electronic assemblies, including hybrid microcircuits, DC converters, telecommunications electronics, thin film substrates, and radio frequency products. The Applied Technology segment develops, designs, and builds power conversion products, which include power electronics, machines, and control systems for a range of defense and commercial applications. The company markets its products primarily to defense, distributed power generation, power quality, transportation, semiconductor capital equipment, and wireless communications markets through direct sales force, and independent distributors and representatives. It has strategic relationship with General Atomics. SatCon was founded in 1985 and is headquartered in Boston, Massachusetts.


Avanex Corporation engages in the design, manufacture, and marketing of fiber optic-based products, known as photonic solutions. It offers its products in two groups, active optical solutions and passive optical solutions. The active optical solutions group includes transmission that products transmit and receive signals, including laser diodes, receivers, transponders, and tranceivers; integrated optics products, including optical devices fabricated from lithium niobate; amplification products that include pump lasers, pump beam stabilizers, gain flattening filters, erbium doped fiber amplifiers, Raman amplifiers, and semiconductor optical amplifiers; and network managed subsystems, including products that interface directly with other network elements using network level protocols, as well as network-managed versions of multiplexing, amplification, and switching and routing products. The passive optical solutions group comprises micro-optics and integrated modules that include wavelength division multiplexing products, such as products based on thin film filter, fiber Bragg grating (FBG), planar, and interleaver technologies, as well as products that equalize signal power; and dispersion compensation products, including products that compensate for dispersion and dispersion slope in transmission systems and fixed and tunable products based on dispersion compensating fiber, cascaded Giles Tourneau etalon, and FBG. The company markets its products to telecommunications system integrators and their network carrier customers through a combination of direct sales, distributors, and representatives. Avanex was founded in 1997 and is headquartered in Fremont, California.


Applied Micro Circuits Corporation (AMCC) engages in the design, development, and marketing semiconductors, embedded processors, and storage components for the communications and storage equipment markets. The company provides various semiconductor products, including physical layer products, such as transceivers; overhead processing products, such as framers and mappers; and higher layer products, such as network processors, traffic managers, and switch fabrics. Its semiconductor products are used in various communications equipment, including routers, optical and digital cross connects, voice and media gateways, add-drop multiplexers, multiservice provisionary platforms, multiservice switches, digital subscriber line access multiplexers, and wireless base stations and access points. AMCC's storage products include serial and parallel ATA RAID controllers and embedded storage processors. It delivers storage solutions for storage applications, such as disk-to-disk backup, near-line storage, network-attached storage, and video. In addition, the company sells fiber channel HBA products; and automated test equipment products, such as application-specific integrated circuits. AMCC sells its products through its sales force, and independent manufacturers' representatives and distributors principally in North America, Europe, and Asia. The company was founded in 1979 and is headquartered in Sunnyvale, California.


Semiconductor Manufacturing International Corporation (SMIC) operates as a semiconductor foundry that provides integrated circuit (IC) manufacturing services to customers worldwide. The company provides semiconductor fabrication services for various devices, such as logic technologies, including standard logic, mixed-signal, RF, and high voltage circuits; memory technologies, including DRAM, SRAM, Flash, and EEPROM; and specialty technologies, including LCoS and CIS. SMIC provides various value-added services that include design services, mask making, IC manufacturing, and assembly and testing. In addition, its service offerings include a portfolio of intellectual property consisting of libraries and circuit design blocks, design support, mask-making, wafer probing, gold/solder bumping, and redistribution layer manufacturing. The company's customers include fabless semiconductor companies, systems companies, and integrated device manufacturers. SMIC has strategic partnerships with Cadence Design Systems, Inc., Magma Design Automation, Inc., Mentor Graphics Corporation, Synopsys, Inc., Hong Kong Applied Science and Technology Research Institute Company Limited, and Toppan Printing Co., Ltd. The company was founded by Richard Ru-Gin Chang in 2000 and is headquartered in Shanghai, China.


MRV Communications, Inc. engages in the design, manufacture, sale, distribution, integration, and support of communication equipment and services, and optical components. The company operates in three segments: The Networking Group, The Optical Components Group, and Development Stage Enterprise Group. The Networking Group segment provides equipment, which include switches, routers, physical layer products, and console management products, as well as networking products for aerospace, defense and other applications, including voice and cellular communication. Its customers include governments, telecommunications service providers, and commercial customers. The Optical Components Group segment designs, manufactures, and sells optical communications components, which include fiber optic transceivers for metropolitan, access, and Fiber-to-the-Premises applications. Development Stage Enterprise Group segment develops optical components, subsystems and network equipment, and other products for the infrastructure of the Internet. The company sells its products through direct sales force, manufacturers' representatives, value-added-resellers, distributors, and systems integrators worldwide. MRV Communications was organized in 1988 as MRV Technologies, Inc. and changed its name to MRV Communications, Inc. in 1992. The company is headquartered in San Fernando Valley, California.


Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company Limited engages in the design, manufacture, sale, packaging, and testing of integrated circuits and other semiconductor devices, as well as in the manufacture of masks. It offers various wafer fabrication processes, including processes to manufacture complementary metal oxide silicon (CMOS) logic, mixed-signal, radio frequency and embedded memory, and BiCMOS mixed-signal and other semiconductors. The company's semiconductor products include logic, mixed-signal, memory, CMOS image sensor, and high voltage semiconductors. The logic semiconductors process digital data to control the operation of electronic systems. The standard logic devices include microprocessors, microcontrollers, digital signal processors, graphic chips, and chip sets. Mixed-signal semiconductors combine analog and digital devices on a single semiconductor to process both analog signals and digital data. The mixed-signal semiconductors are used in hard disk drives, wireless communications equipment, and network communications equipment. The memory semiconductors are used in electronic systems to store data and program instructions. The CMOS image sensor semiconductors are used in cameras, surveillance and security systems, and in vehicles. The high voltage semiconductors are used in various panel size display driver and power integrated circuit applications. The company offers various design services, such as provision of technology files, libraries, and other intellectual property; customization; and chip implementation services. In addition, it offers multiproject wafer processing service. The company's primary customers are fabless semiconductor companies, integrated device manufacturers, and systems companies. Taiwan Semiconductor was founded in 1987 and is headquartered in Hsinchu, Taiwan.


Hittite Microwave Corporation engages in the design and development of integrated circuits, modules, and subsystems for technically demanding radio frequency, microwave, and millimeterwave applications. The company's product portfolio includes amplifiers, attenuators, frequency dividers and detectors, frequency multipliers, mixers and converters, modulators, oscillators, phase shifters, sensors, synthesizers, and switches. In addition, it supplies custom semiconductor components to its customers. The company's products are used in a range of wired and wireless communications applications, such as cellular telephone base stations, microwave and millimeter wave radio systems, broadband wireless access systems, and direct broadcast satellite systems. Its products are also used in detection, measurement, and imaging applications, including military communication, targeting, guidance, and electronic countermeasure systems; commercial, scientific, and military spacecraft; automotive collision avoidance systems; medical imaging systems; and industrial test equipment. Hittite Microwave sells its products to original equipment manufacturers through direct sales force, independent sales representatives, and distributors. It has operations in the United States, China, Germany, Korea, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. The company was founded in 1985 and is headquartered in Chelmsford, Massachusetts.


Exar Corporation and its subsidiaries engage in the design, development, and marketing of physical interface and access control solutions for use in the communications infrastructure worldwide. The company provides original equipment manufacturers with integrated circuits that facilitate the transport of signals in access, metro, and wide area networks. Its analog and digital design enables the company to provide physical interface and access control silicon solutions that address transmission standards, such as T/E carrier, ATM, and SONET/SDH. The company also offers clock and timing products targeted at wireless base stations, network switches, and routers. In addition, it also designs, develops, and markets integrated circuit products for the video and imaging markets. The company's offerings primarily include low voltage and multichannel universal asynchronous receiver transmitters, which are used for various industrial, telecommunications, and computer server applications. It markets and sells its products through its direct sales force, as well as through independent sales representatives and distributors primarily in North America, South America, Europe, and Asia. Exar Corporation was incorporated in 1971 and is based in Fremont, California.


PLX Technology, Inc. engages in the development and supply of semiconductor devices. These devices manage the transfer of data in networking and telecommunications, enterprise storage, servers, personal computers, imaging, and industrial equipment. The company offers three types of products: interconnect semiconductor devices, software development kits, and hardware design kits. Its interconnect semiconductor devices include input/output accelerators, peripheral component interconnect to peripheral component interconnect (PCI) bridges, hypertransport interconnect bridges, PCI express switches and bridges, and universal serial bus interface chips. PLX Technology's software and hardware kits are designed to enable the development of systems that incorporate its semiconductor devices. The company sells its products worldwide through direct sales personnel, distributors, and manufacturers' representatives. PLX Technology was co-founded by Michael J. Salameh in 1986. The company is headquartered in Sunnyvale, California.


Micrel, Incorporated (MI) engages in the design, development, manufacture, and marketing of analog power, mixed-signal, and digital integrated circuits (IC). It also provides single-board and enterprise servers, network switches and routers, storage area networks, and wireless base stations for networking and communications infrastructure markets. In addition, the company offers standard analog products for industrial, defense, and automotive electronics. Further, MI offers radio frequency products that enable customers to develop wireless control systems for various applications, such as remote keyless entry for automobiles, garage door openers, and remote controls. The company's customers include manufacturers of enterprise, consumer, industrial, mobile, telecommunications, automotive, and computer products worldwide. MI distributes its products through a network of independent sales representatives, independent distributors, and stocking representative firms, as well as through direct sales staff. The company was founded in 1978 and is headquartered in San Jose, California.


QuickLogic Corporation engages in designing, developing, marketing, and supporting field programmable gate arrays (FPGAs), embedded standard products (ESPs), associated software tools, and programming hardware. The company's ESPs are single-chip solutions that combine standard integrated circuits with programmable logic. Its ESP product family includes QuickRAM, QuickPCI, V3 products, QuickMIPS, Eclipse, Eclipse II, and QuickPCI II products. Its FPGA product families, pASIC1, pASIC2, and pASIC3, provide programmable logic devices for general-purpose applications. The company sells its products through direct sales force, independent sales representatives, and distributors in North America, Europe, and Asia. It serves various industries, including computing; instrumentation and test; data communications and telecommunications; audio, video, and graphics imaging; and military and aerospace industries. The company was founded in 1988 by John Birkner, Andy Chan, and H.T. Chua. QuickLogic is headquartered in Sunnyvale, California.


AMIS Holdings, Inc., through its wholly owned subsidiary, AMI Semiconductor, Inc., engages in the design, manufacture, and marketing of integrated circuits and structured digital products worldwide. Its products and services include integrated mixed signal products, structured digital products, and mixed signal foundry services. The integrated mixed signal products are used for automotive, medical, and industrial markets. Its structured digital products are used for various applications, including communications infrastructure, medical imaging, automotive, consumer, and high-density disk storage. The company provides mixed signal semiconductor manufacturing services primarily to electronic systems manufacturers and semiconductor companies. AMIS Holdings sells its products through direct sales personnel and independent sales representatives to original equipment manufacturers or their electronic manufacturing service providers. The company was incorporated in 1988 and is headquartered in Pocatello, Idaho.


Tower Semiconductor, Ltd. an independent wafer foundry, manufactures semiconductors for its customers. It manufactures integrated circuits (ICs) based on third party designs and its own proprietary designs with geometries ranging from 1.0 micron to 0.13 microns. These ICs are incorporated into consumer electronics, personal computer and office equipment, communications, automotive, professional photography, and medical device products. The company principally focuses on complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) image sensors, embedded flash memory, and mixed signal and radio frequency CMOS technologies. It also provides complementary technical and design support services. The company offers its products in the United States, Europe, Asia Pacific, and Israel. Tower Semiconductor was founded in 1993 and is based in Migdal Haemek, Israel.


RF Micro Devices, Inc. engages in the design, development, manufacture, and marketing of proprietary radio frequency components and system level solutions for wireless communications products and applications. The company offers various products, including power amplifiers; mixers; modulators/demodulators and single chip transmitters; Bluetooth products; and receivers and transceivers. It develops components for satellite radio and global positioning systems (GPS); and solutions for handsets, personal digital assistants, handheld navigation applications, and telematics systems. The company's infrastructure products consist of components for wireless base stations, quadrature modulators, and driver amplifiers. Its products are used primarily in cellular phones, base stations, wireless local area networks, cable television modems, and GPS. RF Micro Devices sells its products to both domestic and international original equipment manufacturers and original design manufacturers through directly sales force, as well as through sales representative firms and distributors. The company has a strategic relationship with Jazz Semiconductor, Inc. RF Micro Devices was founded in 1991 by William J. Pratt, Powell T. Seymour, and Jerry D. Neal. The company is headquartered in Greensboro, North Carolina.


Fairchild Semiconductor International, Inc. engages in the development, manufacture, and sale of power analog and discrete, as well as certain nonpower semiconductor solutions to end market customers. Its products are organized into three groups: Analog and Mixed Signal Products; Discrete Products; and Logic and Memory Products. The Analog and Mixed Signal group offers a range of analog products that perform tasks, such as power conversion, interface, temperature sensing, system management, battery charging, and motor control; interface applications, including backplane driving, bus driving, and clock driving; and system-to-system interconnects, as well as offers signal path products, such as analog switches, operational amplifiers and comparators, data conversion products, video encoders/decoders, video filters, and micro-controller based system management integrated circuits. The Discreet Products group offers isolated-gate bipolar transistors, rectifiers, and radio frequency products. The Logic and Memory Products group designs, develops, manufactures, and markets standard logic devices utilizing three wafer fabrication processes that include CMOS, BiCMOS, and Bipolar. The company also offers other products, such as optocouplers, infrared products, and led lamps and displays. Fairchild sells its products directly or through distributors and independent manufacturer's representatives in Europe, the Americas, the Asia/Pacific region, Japan, and Korea. It sells products primarily to the customers in the personal computer, industrial, communications, consumer electronics, and automotive markets. The company was established in 1959 and is headquartered in South Portland, Maine.


TriQuint Semiconductor, Inc. supplies components and modules for communications applications. It offers an array of radio frequency, analog, and mixed-signal integrated circuits; lasers; detectors; optical transceivers; and surface acoustic wave products for wireless phones, wireless infrastructure networks, optical networks, and defense markets. The company's wireless phones products include receivers, power amplifier (PA) modules, filter banks, switches, low-loss transversal filters, reflective low-loss filters, duplexers, triplexers, resonator filters, and front-end modules. Its infrastructure network products include bi-directional transversal filters, low-loss transversal filters, LNA's, mixers, reflective low-loss filters, and oscillators. The company's optical network products include laser/modulator drivers, photo detectors and transimpedance amplifiers along with lasers, electroabsorption modulated lasers, detectors, and transceivers. TriQuint Semiconductor also provides products for defense markets, including PAs for phased-array antenna and similar applications for airborne systems. In addition, the company offers various product options and services, such as design, wafer fabrication, test engineering, package engineering, assembly, and test; and foundry services. The company sells its products through independent manufacturers' representatives, distributor, and direct sales staff in the United States and Korea. TriQuint Semiconductor was founded in 1981 and is headquartered in Hillsboro, Oregon.


Marvell Technology Group, Ltd. engages in the design, development, and marketing of semiconductors, such as analog, mixed-signal, and digital signal processing integrated circuits. Its products include switching, transceivers, wireless, PC connectivity, gateways, communications controllers, and storage and power management solutions. The company's products serve applications used in business enterprise, consumer electronics, and emerging markets. Its products enable the customers to store and move digital data by using media infrastructures or wireless. These products are also used for transmitting and recovering digitally converted analog signals to and from various types of broadband communications media. The company operates in Bermuda, China, Germany, Japan, Korea, Taiwan, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Marvell Technology Group was founded in 1995 and is headquartered in Sunnyvale, California.


California Micro Devices Corporation (CMDC) engages in the design, development, and marketing of analog semiconductor products for applications in the mobile handset, personal computing, and digital consumer electronics markets. It provides application-specific integrated passive (ASIP) devices that provide electromagnetic interference filtering, electrostatic discharge, interface protection, and signal termination. The company also provides active analog semiconductors that offer power management and interface solutions for cellular handsets, personal digital assistants, and other portable electronic devices. In addition, CMDC offers active analog devices, including integrated light emitting diode drivers, interface circuits, and power management devices. It sells its products to original equipment manufacturers and original design manufacturers through direct sales force, independent sales representatives, and distributors in the United States, Europe, and Asia. The company was founded in 1980 and is headquartered in Milpitas, California.


International Rectifier Corporation engages in the design, manufacture, and marketing of power management products using power semiconductors. Its products include power management integrated circuits and advanced circuit devices, power components, and power systems. The company's power management integrated circuits include analog, mixed signal, and digital semiconductors that integrate logic and/or power management functions on the same chip to optimize system performance. Its advanced circuit devices include chipsets and multichip modules. The company also provides application-specific power management solutions for computers, servers, and routers; consumer electronics; energy-saving appliances and other motor-control applications; aircraft and satellites; defense electronic systems; wireless and wireline communication devices; and other automotive applications. Its power components include metal oxide semiconductor field effect transistors and insulated gate bipolar transistors, regulators, rectifiers, diodes, thyristors, and interfaces used in general power management applications. The company's power systems combine power semiconductors with other power management components. These are used in automotive electronics, including electric fan control, electric power steering, and integrated starter/alternator motors; other motor control applications, including industrial refrigeration and air conditioning; and commercial and military aircraft. The company markets its products through direct sales force, representatives, and distributors. It provides products to original equipment manufacturers, distributors, and subcontract manufacturers. International Rectifier was founded in 1947 by Eric Lidow and is headquartered in El Segundo, California.


Monolithic System Technology, Inc. (MST) engages in the design, development, marketing, and licensing of memory technologies used by the semiconductor industry and electronic product manufacturers. It offers, 1T-SRAM, a series of semiconductor memory technologies that enable designers to incorporate various amounts of embedded memory in their designs. The company's technologies also enable manufacturers of electronic products, such as cellular phones, video game consoles, and digital cameras and camcorders, to incorporate additional functionality into a single integrated circuit. MST licenses its 1T-SRAM technologies to various semiconductor companies and electronic products manufacturers worldwide. The company was founded in 1991 and is headquartered in Sunnyvale, California.


Optical Communication Products, Inc. engages in the design, manufacture, and sale of fiber optic subsystems and modules for the metropolitan area, local area, and storage area markets. Its products include optical transmitters, receivers, transceivers, and transponders that convert electronic signals into optical signals and back to electronic signals, enabling high-speed communication of voice and data traffic over public and private fiber optic networks. The company's products support a range of network applications, transmission speeds, distances and standards, including international transmission standards. Optical Communication's customers primarily include communication equipment manufacturers and contract manufacturers. The company was founded in 1991 and is headquartered in Woodland Hills, California.


IPG Photonics Corporation engages in the development and manufacture of fiber lasers and amplifiers in the United States. It also offers direct diode laser systems and communications systems that utilize its optical fiber-based products. The company's fiber lasers are used in materials processing applications, such as marking, engraving, and printing; welding, cutting, drilling, soldering, and hardening; and precision and laser-assisted machining, surface treatment, and annealing. Its lasers are also used in medical laser systems, such as skin resurfacing, rejuvenation, and stretch mark rejuvenation, as well as in dentistry, urology, gynecology, and other surgical procedures. The company's fiber lasers and raman pump lasers enhance data transmission in broadband access and DWDM optical networks. In addition, its fiber lasers and amplifiers are utilized by academic, government, and other institutions, as well as commercial firms for research in technologies and products. The company sells its products globally to original equipment manufacturers, system integrators, and end users through direct sales force and also through agreements with independent sales representatives, and distributors. It also operates in Germany, Italy, the United Kingdom, Japan, South Korea, India, and Russia. IPG Photonics Corporation was founded in 1990 and is headquartered in Oxford, Massachusetts.


Leadis Technology, Inc. engages in the design, development, and marketing of mixed-signal semiconductors, focusing on the wireless handset market primarily in Asia. Its products include color display drivers with integrated controllers, which are components of displays used in mobile consumer electronics devices. It designs and markets both color super twisted nematic (STN) and monochrome STN display drivers, which are used primarily for mobile handsets; drivers utilizing both amorphous film transistor (TFT) technology, which are used primarily in mobile handsets, and low-temperature polysilicon TFT technology, which is used in digital still cameras and mobile devices; and passive matrix organic light-emitting diode display drivers. Leadis markets and sells its products through direct sales force and independent distributors to display module manufacturers. The company was formed in 2000 and is headquartered in Sunnyvale, California.


SMART Modular Technologies (WWH), Inc. engages in the design, manufacture, and supply of value added subsystems to original equipment manufacturers (OEM). The company offers a range of subsystem products that include memory modules and cards, embedded computing subsystems, and thin film transistor liquid crystal display products. SMART Modular Technologies also provides design, manufacturing, testing, and logistics services, as well as product-related logistics and services, such as procurement, inventory management, repair, test, warranty, retail and bulk packaging, and drop shipping services. Its products and services are used for a range of applications in the computing, networking, communications, printers, storage, and industrial markets worldwide. The company sells its products directly to OEMs, as well as to value added resellers, value added dealers, and distributors, through channel sales organization. SMART Modular Technologies was founded in 1988 and is headquartered in Fremont, California.


Conexant Systems, Inc. engages in the design, development, and sale of semiconductor system solutions worldwide. It offers semiconductor devices, software, and reference designs for use in broadband communications applications, enterprise networks, and digital home networks. The company's broadband access products include a set of digital subscriber line products for customer premises equipment and central office applications, and products for passive optical network applications. Its broadband media processing products include various broadcast audio and video decoder and encoder devices, as well as front-end communications components that enable the capture, display, storage, playback, and transfer of audio and video content in digital home and small office products, such as personal computers, television set-top boxes, gaming consoles, personal video recorders, and digital versatile disk applications. The company's universal and voice access products include a set of analog modem chipsets and software for desktop and notebook personal computer applications, as well as embedded equipment applications, including fax machines, multifunction peripherals, point of sale terminals, television set-top boxes, gaming consoles, Internet terminals, and voice-over-Internet protocol products. Its wireless networking products include various combinations of radio frequency transceivers, analog base-band integrated circuits, and digital base-band and medium or media access controller chips. The company markets and sells its semiconductor products and system solutions directly to original equipment manufacturers of communication electronics products and indirectly through electronic components distributors, as well as to third-party electronic manufacturing service providers. Conexant Systems was founded in 1996 and is headquartered in Newport Beach, California.


Genesis Microchip, Inc. engages in the design, development, and marketing of integrated circuits called display controllers that receive and process digital video and graphic images for viewing on a flat-panel display. The company's display controllers are located inside a flat-panel display device, such as a flat-panel computer monitor or television. Its products are used by display manufacturers to produce various devices, including flat panel displays, digital televisions, projectors, and DVD players/recorders. Genesis Microchip also supplies reference boards and designs that incorporate its software and proprietary integrated circuits. Genesis Microchip sells its products through direct sales force, sales representatives, and distributors principally in China, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, and the United States. The company has a strategic alliance with Meridian Audio Limited to manufacture and distribute Genesis' home theater solutions. Genesis Microchip was founded in 1987 and is headquartered in Alviso, California.


Volterra Semiconductor Corporation engages in the design, development, and marketing of proprietary, analog and mixed-signal power management semiconductors for the computing, storage, networking, and consumer markets. The company's core products include integrated voltage regulator semiconductors and voltage regulator semiconductor chipsets that transform, regulate, deliver, and monitor the power consumed by digital semiconductors. Its products are used in data networking equipment, desktop and notebook computers, digital cameras, enterprise storage equipment, graphics cards, hard disk drives, mobile phones, optical drives, printers, servers, telecommunications equipment, wireless local area network cards, wireless personal digital assistants, and workstations. The company sells its products to original equipment, design, contract equipment, and power supply manufacturers, through its internal sales force, or through distributors and outsourced suppliers in North America, Europe, and Asia. The company was formerly known as Berkeley Integrated Technologies, Inc. Volterra was founded in 1996 and is headquartered in Fremont, California.


Oplink Communications, Inc. provides design, integration, and optical manufacturing solutions (OMS) for optical networking components and subsystems worldwide. Its product portfolio includes all-optical dense and coarse wavelength division multiplexing, optical amplification, switching and routing, monitoring and conditioning, dispersion management, and line transmission applications. The company also offers OMS for the production and packaging of integrated optical subsystems. Its customer base includes telecommunications, data communications, and cable television equipment manufacturers. The company markets its products through direct sales representatives and distributors. Oplink Communications was founded in 1995 by Joseph Y. Liu and is headquartered in Fremont, California.


QLogic Corporation engages in the design and supply of semiconductor and board level input/output (I/O) products, fabric switches, and enclosure management semiconductors. The company's I/O products provide an interface between computer systems and their attached data storage peripherals, such as hard disk drives, tape drives, removable disk drives, and redundant array of inexpensive disks subsystems. Its products include hard disk controller chips, tape controller chips, enclosure management chips, host bus adapters, Fibre Channel blade switches, Fibre Channel stackable switches, and other fabric switches that provide the connectivity infrastructure for storage networks. QLogic markets and distributes its products principally in the United States, Japan, and the United Kingdom, through a direct sales organization, as well as through a network of independent manufacturers' representatives and regional and international distributors. The company's primary original equipment manufacturer customers are domestic and international suppliers and manufacturers of servers, workstations, and data storage peripherals. QLogic has alliances with Cisco Systems, Inc., Microsoft Corporation, VERITAS Software Corporation, Computer Associates International, Inc., Legato Systems, Inc., and McData Corporation. The company was organized in 1992 and is headquartered in Aliso Viejo, California.


inTEST Corporation engages in the design, manufacture, and marketing of test head manipulators, docking hardware products, temperature management systems, and tester interface products. Its products are used by semiconductor manufacturers, in conjunction with automatic test equipment, for testing integrated circuits (ICs) that include microprocessors, digital signal processing chips, application specific ICs, and specialized memory ICs. inTEST's products are principally used in automotive, computer, consumer products, aeronautical, and telecommunications industries. The company sells its products worldwide through direct sales force and independent sales representatives. inTEST was founded in 1981 and is headquartered in Cherry Hill, New Jersey.


Irvine Sensors Corporation engages in the design, development, manufacture, and sale of miniaturized electronic products for defense, security, and commercial applications. The company, using a three-dimensional (3-D) stacking technology, develops collateral technologies for the design of low power and low noise chips, thinning of chips, and various specialized applications of chips and stacked chip assemblies for wireless infrared transmission, miniaturized sensors, image processing, infrared cameras, and Internet data transmission, and switching applications. It offers its products and prototypes for ultra high speed image processing, miniature infrared cameras, 3-D laser imaging, embedded computing, image enhancement and stabilization, stacked memory, and infrared data communication applications. The company markets its stacked and packaged memory products to original equipment manufacturers. Irvine Sensors Corporation was incorporated in 1974 and is headquartered in Costa Mesa, California.


Zarlink Semiconductor, Inc. engages in the design, manufacture, marketing, and distribution of semiconductors for the communications and health care industries. It operates in three segments: Network Communications, Consumer Communications, and Ultra Low-Power Communications. Network Communications segment offers microelectronic solutions, such as time division multiplex switching, network timing and synchronization, packet switching, packet and voice processing, and analog and optical discrete components and modules for broadband connectivity over wired and optical media. Its product line enables voice and data convergence for Internet systems, switching systems, and subscriber access systems. Consumer Communications segment provides integrated circuits, and production-ready reference designs and software drivers for satellite, terrestrial, and cable digital television products. Ultra Low-Power Communications segment offers application-specific integrated circuit and standard product solutions for applications, such as pacemakers, hearing aids, portable instruments, and personal area communication devices. Zarlink sells its products through direct and indirect channels of distribution in approximately 40 countries. Zarlink was incorporated in 1971 and is based in Ottawa, Canada.


Ibis Technology Corporation engages in the development, manufacture, and marketing of separation by implantation of oxygen and silicon-on-insulator (SIMOX-SOI) implantation equipment for the semiconductor industry worldwide. SIMOX is a form of SOI technology that creates an insulating barrier below the top surface of a silicon wafer. The company's proprietary oxygen implanters produce SIMOX-SOI wafers by implanting oxygen atoms just below the surface of a silicon wafer to create a very thin layer of silicon dioxide between the thin operating region of the transistor at the surface and the underlying silicon wafer itself. The buried layer of silicon dioxide acts as an insulator for the devices fabricated on the surface of the silicon wafer and reduces the electrical current leakage. Ibis' SIMOX-SOI wafers and finished integrated circuits are used in various commercial applications, including servers and workstations; portable and desktop computers; wireless communications and battery powered devices, such as laptop computers, personal digital assistants, and mobile phones; integrated optical components; and harsh-environment electronics. Ibis has strategic alliances with Sumitomo Mitsubishi Silicon Corporation; Shin-Etsu Handotai Co., Ltd.; and International Business Machines Corporation. The company was formed in 1987 and is headquartered in Danvers, Massachusetts.


Pixelworks, Inc. engages in the design, development, and marketing of semiconductors and software for the display industry, including televisions, multimedia projectors, and flat panel monitors. The company's system-on-chip semiconductors provide capabilities for displays by processing and optimizing video and computer graphic signals to produce images. Its products include single-purpose discrete integrated circuits (ICs) and system-on-chip ICs, which integrate microprocessor, memory, and image processing circuits. The company's product categories include imageprocessor ICs, video signalprocessor ICs, and digital television production reference designs (DTPRD). Imageprocessor ICs are used in televisions, multimedia projectors, and LCD monitors. Semiconductors in this category include circuitry for image scaling, aspect ratio conversion, color compensation, customizable on-screen display, automatic image optimization, and control of the system operating system. Video signalprocessor ICs are discrete semiconductors that offer multimedia projection and television system architectures. DTPRD assists manufacturers to develop television designs. The company's customers include manufacturers of consumer electronics and computer display products. It offers its products worldwide through a direct sales force and indirectly through distributors and manufacturers' representatives primarily in the United States, Japan, Taiwan, China, Europe, and Korea. Pixelworks was founded in 1997 and is headquartered in Tualatin, Oregon. Pixelworks, Inc. acquired Equator Technologies, Inc.


Transmeta Corporation engages in the design, development, and sale of software-based microprocessors. The company offers x86-compatible microprocessor products, including Crusoe and Efficeon product families. The Crusoe product family evolves multiple models featuring various performance levels. Its Efficeon product family includes The Efficeon TM8000 series and Efficeon TM8800 series processors. The company's microprocessor products utilize its both software and hardware technology. These microprocessors are used in a range of computing platforms, principally battery operated mobile devices and applications, such as notebook computers, ultra personal computers, tablet personal computers, thin clients, blade servers, and embedded computers. Transmeta also licenses certain of its intellectual property and advanced computing and semiconductor technologies to other semiconductor companies. In addition, it develops advanced power management technologies for controlling leakage and increasing power efficiency in semiconductor and computing devices. The company operates primarily in the United States, Japan, Taiwan, Korea, and China. It has strategic alliance with Sony Corporation and Sony Computer Entertainment, Inc. Transmeta was founded in 1995 and is headquartered in Santa Clara, California.


MathStar, Inc., a development stage fabless semiconductor company, engages in the design, development, and marketing of semiconductor integrated circuits or chips, known as field programmable object arrays (FPOAs), in the United States. FPOAs are reprogrammable integrated circuits based on its proprietary silicon object technology. The company's FPOAs consist of small, pre-designed, high-speed computing, and data storage elements or silicon objects that are arranged in a grid pattern along with internal and external memory and data input and output channels. MathStar sells its products through manufacturers' representatives in North America and Europe. The company was founded in 1997 and is headquartered in Hillsboro, Oregon.